Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                      G. Camarillo
Request for Comments: 8856                                      Ericsson
Obsoletes: 4583                                            T. Kristensen
Category: Standards Track                                         Jotron
ISSN: 2070-1721                                              C. Holmberg
                                                                Ericsson
                                                                May 2020

   Session Description Protocol (SDP) Format for Binary Floor Control
                        Protocol (BFCP) Streams

Abstract

   This document defines the Session Description Protocol (SDP) offer/
   answer procedures for negotiating and establishing Binary Floor
   Control Protocol (BFCP) streams.

   This document obsoletes RFC 4583.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8856.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction
   2.  Conventions
   3.  Floor Control Roles
   4.  Fields in the "m=" Line
   5.  SDP Attributes
     5.1.  SDP 'floorctrl' Attribute
     5.2.  SDP 'confid' Attribute
     5.3.  SDP 'userid' Attribute
     5.4.  SDP 'floorid' Attribute
     5.5.  SDP 'bfcpver' Attribute
   6.  Multiplexing Considerations
   7.  BFCP Connection Management
     7.1.  TCP Connection Management
   8.  TLS/DTLS Considerations
   9.  ICE Considerations
   10. SDP Offer/Answer Procedures
     10.1.  Generating the Initial SDP Offer
     10.2.  Generating the SDP Answer
     10.3.  Offerer Processing of the SDP Answer
     10.4.  Modifying the Session
   11. Examples
   12. Security Considerations
   13. IANA Considerations
     13.1.  Registration of SDP 'proto' Values
     13.2.  Registration of the SDP 'floorctrl' Attribute
     13.3.  Registration of the SDP 'confid' Attribute
     13.4.  Registration of the SDP 'userid' Attribute
     13.5.  Registration of the SDP 'floorid' Attribute
     13.6.  Registration of the SDP 'bfcpver' Attribute
   14. Changes from RFC 4583
   15. References
     15.1.  Normative References
     15.2.  Informative References
   Acknowledgements
   Authors' Addresses

1.  Introduction

   As discussed in the BFCP (Binary Floor Control Protocol)
   specification [RFC8855], a given BFCP client needs a set of data in
   order to establish a BFCP connection to a floor control server.  This
   data includes the transport address of the server, the conference
   identifier, and the user identifier.

   One way for clients to obtain this information is to use a Session
   Description Protocol (SDP) offer/answer exchange [RFC3264].  This
   document specifies how to encode this information in the SDP session
   descriptions that are part of such an offer/answer exchange.

   User agents typically use the offer/answer model to establish a
   number of media streams of different types.  Following this model, a
   BFCP connection is described as any other media stream by using an
   SDP "m=" line, possibly followed by a number of SDP lines that also
   apply to the BFCP connection.

   Section 4 defines how the field values in an "m=" line representing a
   BFCP connection are set.

   Section 5 defines SDP attributes that are used when negotiating a
   BFCP connection.

   Section 6 defines multiplexing considerations for a BFCP connection.

   Section 7 defines procedures for managing a BFCP connection.

   Section 8 defines TLS and DTLS considerations when negotiating a BFCP
   connection.

   Section 9 defines considerations regarding Interactive Connectivity
   Establishment (ICE) [RFC8445] when negotiating a BFCP connection.

   Section 10 defines the SDP offer/answer procedures for negotiating a
   BFCP connection.

   This document obsoletes RFC 4583 [RFC4583].  Section 14 summaraizes summarizes
   the changes from RFC 4583.

2.  Conventions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

3.  Floor Control Roles

   When two endpoints establish a BFCP stream, they need to determine
   which of them acts as a floor control client and which acts as a
   floor control server.

   Once the roles have been determined, the roles will apply to all
   BFCP-controlled streams associated with the BFCP stream.

4.  Fields in the "m=" Line

   According to the SDP specification [RFC4566], the "m=" line format is
   as follows:

      m=<media> <port> <proto> <fmt> ...

   This section describes how to generate an "m=" line of an SDP Media
   Description ("m=" section) describing a BFCP stream.

   The media field MUST have a value of "application".

   Depending on the value of the proto field, the port field is set as
   explained below.  A port field value of zero has the standard SDP
   meaning (i.e., rejection of the media stream), regardless of the
   proto field.

   *  When TCP is used as the transport, the port field is set following
      the rules in [RFC4145].  Depending on the value of the 'setup'
      attribute (defined in [RFC4145] and discussed in Section 7.1), the
      port field contains the port to which the remote endpoint will
      direct BFCP messages, or in the case where the endpoint will
      initiate the connection towards the remote endpoint, should be set
      to a value of 9.

   *  When UDP is used as the transport, the port field contains the
      port to which the remote endpoint will direct BFCP messages,
      regardless of the value of the 'setup' attribute.

   This document defines five values for the proto field: TCP/BFCP,
   TCP/DTLS/BFCP, TCP/TLS/BFCP, UDP/BFCP, 'TCP/BFCP',
   'TCP/DTLS/BFCP', 'TCP/TLS/BFCP', 'UDP/BFCP', and UDP/TLS/BFCP. 'UDP/TLS/BFCP'.

   The proto values are used as described below:

   *  'TCP/BFCP' is used for TCP transport of BFCP without TLS
      encryption and is backward compatible with endpoints that are
      compliant with RFC 4583.

   *  'TCP/TLS/BFCP' is used for TCP transport of BFCP with TLS
      encryption and is backward compatible with endpoints that are
      compliant with RFC 4583 and support TLS.

   *  'UDP/BFCP' is used for UDP transport of BFCP without DTLS
      encryption [RFC6347].

   *  'UDP/TLS/BFCP' is used for UDP transport of BFCP with DTLS
      encryption.  This is one of the options when ICE is used
      (Section 9).  It can also be used without ICE when backward
      compatibility with endpoints compliant with RFC 4583 is not
      required.

   *  'TCP/DTLS/BFCP' is used for TCP transport of BFCP with DTLS
      encryption, running on top of TCP using the framing method defined
      in [RFC4571], with DTLS packets being sent and received instead of
      RTP / RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) packets using the shim defined
      in RFC 4571 packets, such that the LENGTH
      field defined in RFC 4571 precedes each DTLS message.  This is one
      of the options when ICE is used (Section 9).  It can also be used
      without ICE when backward compatibility with endpoints compliant
      with RFC 4583 is not required.

   The fmt (format) list is not applicable to BFCP.  The fmt list of
   "m=" lines in the case of any proto field value related to BFCP MUST
   contain a single "*" character.  If the fmt list contains any other
   value, it MUST be ignored.

   The following is an example of an "m=" line for a BFCP connection:

      m=application 50000 TCP/TLS/BFCP *

5.  SDP Attributes

5.1.  SDP 'floorctrl' Attribute

   This section defines the SDP 'floorctrl' media-level attribute.  The
   attribute is used to determine the floor control roles (client and
   server) for the endpoints associated with the BFCP stream.

      Attribute Name:  floorctrl

      Attribute Value:  floor-control

      Usage Level:  media

      Charset Dependent:  No

      Mux Category:  TBD

   The Augmented BNF syntax [RFC5234] for the attribute is:

      floor-control = role *(SP role)
      role = "c-only" / "s-only" / "c-s"

   An endpoint includes the attribute to indicate the role(s) it would
   be willing to perform for the BFCP-controlled media streams:

      c-only:  The endpoint is willing to act as a floor control client.

      s-only:  The endpoint is willing to act as a floor control server
         only.

   When inserted in an offer, the offerer MAY indicate multiple
   attribute values ("c-only" and "s-only").  When inserted in an
   answer, the answerer MUST indicate only one attribute value: "c-only"
   or "s-only".  The answerer indicates the role taken by the answerer.
   The offerer will then take the opposite role.

   In [RFC4583], there was a third attribute specified, "c-s", which
   meant that an endpoint was willing to act as both a floor control
   client and a floor control server at the same time for the BFCP
   stream, taking different roles for different BFCP-controlled media
   streams.  The feature was underspecified and implemented in different
   ways; in particular, many implementations interpreted "c-s" to mean
   that the endpoint is willing to act as either a client or a server
   (equivalent to "c-only s-only").  An implementation compliant with
   this specification MUST NOT include the "c-s" 'floorctrl' attribute
   value in an offer or in an answer but MUST accept the attribute value
   in an offer and process it as equivalent to "c-only s-only" (or
   "s-only c-only").  Also, as an implementation compliant with this
   specification is only allowed to include one role -- either "c-only"
   or "s-only" -- in an answer, each endpoint will only take one role,
   and as a result the endpoint will take the same role for each BFCP-
   controlled media stream associated with the BFCP stream.

   Table 1 shows the roles that the answerer is allowed to take, based
   on what roles the offerer has indicated that it is willing to take.

                          +---------+----------+
                          | Offerer | Answerer |
                          +=========+==========+
                          |  c-only |  s-only  |
                          +---------+----------+
                          |  s-only |  c-only  |
                          +---------+----------+
                          |   c-s   |  c-only  |
                          +---------+----------+
                          |   c-s   |  s-only  |
                          +---------+----------+

                              Table 1: Roles

   Endpoints compliant with [RFC4583] might not include the 'floorctrl'
   attribute in offers and answers.  If the 'floorctrl' attribute is not
   present, in order to be interoperable with such endpoints, the
   offerer will act as a floor control client and the answerer will act
   as a floor control server.

   The SDP Offer/Answer procedures for the 'floorctrl' attribute are
   defined in Section 10.

   The following is an example of a 'floorctrl' attribute in an offer:

      a=floorctrl:c-only s-only

5.2.  SDP 'confid' Attribute

   This section defines the SDP 'confid' media-level attribute.  The
   attribute is used by a floor control server to convey the conference
   ID value to the floor control client, using decimal integer
   representation.

      Attribute Name:  confid

      Attribute Value:  conference-id

      Usage Level:  media

      Charset Dependent:  No

      Mux Category:  TBD  NORMAL

   The Augmented BNF syntax [RFC5234] for the attribute is:

      conference-id = 1*DIGIT

      DIGIT = <DIGIT as defined in [RFC5234]>

   The maximum value of the attribute is determined by the COMMON-HEADER
   format [RFC8855].

   The SDP Offer/Answer procedures for the 'confid' attribute are
   defined in Section 10.

5.3.  SDP 'userid' Attribute

   This section defines the SDP 'userid' media-level attribute.  The
   attribute is used by a floor control server to convey the user ID
   value to the floor control client, using decimal integer
   representation.

      Attribute Name:  userid

      Attribute Value:  user-id

      Usage Level:  media

      Charset Dependent:  No

      Mux Category:  TBD  NORMAL

   The Augmented BNF syntax [RFC5234] for the attribute is:

      user-id = 1*DIGIT

      DIGIT = <DIGIT as defined in [RFC5234]>

   The maximum value of the attribute is determined by the COMMON-HEADER
   format [RFC8855].

   The SDP Offer/Answer procedures for the 'userid' attribute are
   defined in Section 10.

5.4.  SDP 'floorid' Attribute

   This section defines the SDP 'floorid' media-level attribute.  The
   attribute conveys is used to convey a floor identifier, using decimal integer
   representation, and, optionally, pointers to one or more BFCP-
   controlled media streams.

      Attribute Name:  floorid

      Attribute Value:  floor-id

      Usage Level:  media

      Charset Dependent:  No

      Mux Category:  TBD  NORMAL

   The Augmented BNF syntax [RFC5234] for the attribute is:

      floor-id = 1*DIGIT SP "mstrm:" token *(SP token)

      DIGIT = <DIGIT as defined in [RFC5234]>
      token = <token as defined in [RFC4566]>

   The maximum value of the attribute is determined by the FLOOR-ID
   format [RFC8855].

   The floor identifier value is the integer representation of the
   Floor ID field value [RFC8855] to be used in BFCP.  Each media stream
   pointer value is associated with an SDP 'label' attribute [RFC4574]
   of a media stream.

   The SDP Offer/Answer procedures for the 'floorid' attribute are
   defined in Section 10.

      |  Note: In the first SDP example in Section 9 of [RFC4583],
      |  'm-stream' was erroneously listed.  Although the example was
      |  non-normative, it is implemented by some vendors and occurs in
      |  cases where the endpoint is willing to act as a server.
      |  Therefore, it is RECOMMENDED to support parsing and
      |  interpreting 'm-stream' the same way as 'mstrm' when receiving.

5.5.  SDP 'bfcpver' Attribute

   This section defines the SDP 'bfcpver' media-level attribute.  The
   attribute is used to negotiate the BFCP version, using decimal
   integer representation.

      Attribute Name:  bfcpver

      Attribute Value:  bfcp-version

      Usage Level:  media

      Charset Dependent:  No

      Mux Category:  TBD

   The Augmented BNF syntax [RFC5234] for the attribute is:

      bfcp-version = version *(SP version)
      version = 1*DIGIT

      DIGIT = <DIGIT as defined in [RFC5234]>

   The maximum value of the attribute is determined by the COMMON-HEADER
   format [RFC8855].

   An endpoint uses the 'bfcpver' attribute to convey the version(s) of
   BFCP supported by the endpoint, using integer values.  For a given
   version, the attribute value representing the version MUST match the
   version ("Ver") field that would be presented in the BFCP
   COMMON-HEADER [RFC8855].  The BFCP version that will eventually be
   used will be conveyed with a BFCP-level Hello/HelloAck.

   Endpoints compliant with [RFC4583] might not always include the
   'bfcpver' attribute in offers and answers.  The attribute value, if
   present, MUST be in accordance with the definition of the version
   ("Ver") field in [RFC8855].  If the attribute is not present,
   endpoints MUST assume a default value in accordance with [RFC8855]:
   when used over a reliable transport, the default attribute value is
   "1", and when used over an unreliable transport, the default
   attribute value is "2".  The value is inferred from the transport
   specified in the "m=" line (Section 4) of the "m=" section associated
   with the stream.

   The SDP Offer/Answer procedures for the 'bfcpver' attribute are
   defined in Section 10.

6.  Multiplexing Considerations

   [RFC8843] defines how multiplexing of multiple media streams can be
   negotiated.  This specification does not define how BFCP streams can
   be multiplexed with other media streams.  Therefore, a BFCP stream
   MUST NOT be associated with a BUNDLE group [RFC8843].  Note that
   BFCP-controlled media streams might be multiplexed with other media
   streams.

   [RFC8859] defines the mux categories for the SDP attributes defined
   in this specification, except for the 'bfcpver' attribute.  Table 2
   defines the mux category for the 'bfcpver' attribute:

      +---------+---------------------------+-------+--------------+
      | Name    | Notes                     | Level | Mux Category |
      +=========+===========================+=======+==============+
      | bfcpver | Needs further analysis in | M     | TBD          |
      |         | a separate specification  |       |              |
      +---------+---------------------------+-------+--------------+

                 Table 2: Multiplexing Attribute Analysis

7.  BFCP Connection Management

   BFCP streams can use TCP or UDP as the underlying transport.
   Endpoints exchanging BFCP messages over UDP send the BFCP messages
   towards the peer using the connection address and port provided in
   the SDP "c=" and "m=" lines.  TCP connection management is more
   complicated and is described in the following section.

      |  Note: When using Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE)
      |  [RFC8445], TCP/DTLS/BFCP, or UDP/TLS/BFCP, the straightforward
      |  procedures for connection management via UDP/BFCP, as described
      |  above, apply.  TCP/TLS/BFCP follows the same procedures as
      |  TCP/BFCP and is described below.

7.1.  TCP Connection Management

   The management of the TCP connection used to transport BFCP messages
   is performed using the SDP 'setup' and 'connection' attributes
   [RFC4145].  The 'setup' attribute indicates which of the endpoints
   initiates the TCP connection.  The 'connection' attribute handles TCP
   connection re-establishment.

   The BFCP specification [RFC8855] describes a number of situations
   when the TCP connection between a floor control client and the floor
   control server needs to be re-established.  However, [RFC8855] does
   not describe the re-establishment process, because this process
   depends on how the connection was established in the first place.
   Endpoints using the offer/answer mechanism follow the following
   rules.

   When the existing TCP connection is closed and re-established
   following the rules in [RFC8855], the floor control client MUST send
   an offer towards the floor control server in order to re-establish
   the connection.  If a TCP connection cannot deliver a BFCP message
   and times out, the endpoint that attempted to send the message (i.e.,
   the one that detected the TCP timeout) MUST send an offer in order to
   re-establish the TCP connection.

   Endpoints that use the offer/answer mechanism to negotiate TCP
   connections MUST support the 'setup' and 'connection' attributes.

8.  TLS/DTLS Considerations

   When DTLS is used with UDP, the generic procedures defined in
   Section 5 of [RFC8842] MUST be followed.

   When TLS is used with TCP, once the underlying connection is
   established, the answerer always acts as the TLS server.  If the TCP
   connection is lost, the active endpoint [RFC4583] is responsible for
   re-establishing the TCP connection.  Unless a new TLS connection is
   negotiated, subsequent SDP offers and answers will not impact the
   previously negotiated TLS roles.

      |  Note: For TLS, it was decided to keep the original procedures
      |  in [RFC4583] to determine which endpoint acts as the TLS
      |  server, in order to retain backward compatibility.

9.  ICE Considerations

   Generic SDP offer/answer procedures for ICE are defined in [RFC8839].

   When BFCP is used with UDP-based ICE candidates [RFC8445], the
   procedures for UDP/TLS/BFCP are used.

   When BFCP is used with TCP-based ICE candidates [RFC6544], the
   procedures for TCP/DTLS/BFCP are used.

   Based on the procedures defined in [RFC8842], endpoints treat all ICE
   candidate pairs associated with a BFCP stream on top of a DTLS
   association as part of the same DTLS association.  Thus, there will
   only be one BFCP handshake and one DTLS handshake even if there are
   multiple valid candidate pairs, and even if BFCP media is shifted
   between candidate pairs (including switching between UDP to candidate
   pairs and TCP candidate pairs) prior to nomination.  If new
   candidates are added, they will also be part of the same DTLS
   association.

   In order to maximize the likelihood of interoperability between the
   endpoints, all ICE-enabled BFCP-over-DTLS endpoints SHOULD implement
   support for UDP/TLS/BFCP.

   When an SDP offer or answer conveys multiple ICE candidates for a
   BFCP stream, UDP-based candidates SHOULD be included and the default
   candidate SHOULD be chosen from one of those UDP candidates.  If UDP
   transport is used for the default candidate, then the "m=" line proto
   value MUST be 'UDP/TLS/BFCP'.  If TCP transport is used for the
   default candidate, the "m=" line proto value MUST be 'TCP/DTLS/BFCP'.

      |  Note: Usage of ICE with protocols other than UDP/TLS/BFCP and
      |  TCP/DTLS/BFCP is out of scope for this specification.

10.  SDP Offer/Answer Procedures

   This section defines the SDP offer/answer [RFC3264] procedures for
   negotiating and establishing a BFCP stream.  Generic procedures for
   DTLS are defined in [RFC8842].  Generic procedures for TLS are
   defined in [RFC8122].

   This section only defines the BFCP-specific procedures.  Unless
   explicitly stated otherwise, the procedures apply to an "m=" section
   describing a BFCP stream.  If an offer or answer contains multiple
   "m=" sections describing BFCP streams, the procedures are applied
   independently to each stream.

   Within this document, 'initial offer' refers to the first offer
   within an SDP session (e.g., a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
   dialog when SIP [RFC3261] is used to carry SDP) in which the offerer
   indicates that it wants to negotiate the establishment of a BFCP
   stream.

   If the "m=" line 'proto' value is 'TCP/TLS/BFCP', 'TCP/DTLS/BFCP', or
   'UDP/TLS/BFCP', the offerer and answerer follow the generic
   procedures defined in [RFC8122].

   If the "m=" line proto value is 'TCP/BFCP', 'TCP/TLS/BFCP',
   'TCP/DTLS/TCP', or 'UDP/TLS/BFCP', the offerer and answerer use the
   SDP 'setup' attribute according to the procedures in [RFC4145].

   If the "m=" line proto value is 'TCP/BFCP', 'TCP/TLS/BFCP', or
   'TCP/DTLS/BFCP', the offerer and answerer use the SDP 'connection'
   attribute according to the procedures in [RFC4145].

      |  Note: The use of source-specific SDP parameters [RFC5576] is
      |  not defined for BFCP streams.

10.1.  Generating the Initial SDP Offer

   When the offerer creates an initial offer, the offerer MUST include
   an SDP 'floorctrl' attribute (Section 5.1) and an SDP 'bfcpver'
   attribute (Section 5.5) in the "m=" section.

   In addition, if the offerer includes an SDP 'floorctrl' attribute
   with "s-only" or "c-s" attribute values in the offer, the offerer

   *  MUST include an SDP 'confid' attribute (Section 5.2) in the "m="
      section,

   *  MUST include an SDP 'userid' attribute (Section 5.3) in the "m="
      section,

   *  MUST include an SDP 'floorid' attribute (Section 5.4) in the "m="
      section, and

   *  MUST include an SDP 'label' attribute [RFC4574] with the "m="
      section of each BFCP-controlled media stream.

      |  Note: If the offerer includes an SDP 'floorctrl' attribute with
      |  a "c-s" attribute value, or both a "c-only" and an "s-only"
      |  attribute value in the offer, the attribute values above will
      |  only be used if it is determined (Section 5.1) that the offerer
      |  will act as a floor control server.

10.2.  Generating the SDP Answer

   When the answerer receives an offer that contains an "m=" section
   describing a BFCP stream, the answerer MUST check whether it supports
   one or more of the BFCP versions supported by the offerer
   (Section 5.5).  If the answerer does not support any of the BFCP
   versions, it MUST NOT accept the "m=" section.  Otherwise, if the
   answerer accepts the "m=" section, the answerer

   *  MUST insert a corresponding "m=" section in the answer, with an
      identical "m=" line proto value [RFC3264], [RFC4566],

   *  MUST include a 'bfcpver' attribute in the "m=" section; the
      versions indicated by the answer MUST be the same or a subset of
      the versions indicated by the offerer in the corresponding offer,
      and

   *  MUST, if the offer contained an SDP 'floorctrl' attribute, include
      a 'floorctrl' attribute in the "m=" section.

   In addition, if the answerer includes an SDP 'floorctrl' attribute
   with an "s-only" attribute value in the answer, the answerer

   *  MUST include an SDP 'confid' attribute in the "m=" section,

   *  MUST include an SDP 'userid' attribute in the "m=" section,

   *  MUST include an SDP 'floorid' attribute in the "m=" section, and

   *  MUST include an SDP 'label' attribute in the "m=" section of each
      BFCP-controlled media stream.

      |  Note: An offerer compliant with [RFC4583] might not include
      |  'floorctrl' and 'bfcpver' attributes in offers, in which case
      |  the default values apply.

   Once the answerer has sent the answer, the answerer

   *  MUST, if the answerer is the active endpoint and if a TCP
      connection associated with the "m=" section is to be established
      (or re-established), initiate the establishment of the TCP
      connection, and

   *  MUST, if the answerer is the active endpoint and if a TLS/DTLS
      connection associated with the "m=" section is to be established
      (or re-established), initiate the establishment of the TLS/DTLS
      connection (by sending a ClientHello message).

   If the answerer does not accept the "m=" section in the offer, it
   MUST assign a zero port value to the "m=" line of the corresponding
   "m=" section in the answer.  In addition, the answerer MUST NOT
   establish a TCP connection or a TLS/DTLS connection associated with
   the "m=" section.

10.3.  Offerer Processing of the SDP Answer

   When the offerer receives an answer that contains an "m=" section
   describing a BFCP stream and having with a non-zero port value in the "m="
   line, the offerer

   *  MUST, if the offerer is the active endpoint and if a TCP
      connection associated with the "m=" section is to be established
      (or re-established), initiate the establishment of the TCP
      connection, and

   *  MUST, if the offerer is the active endpoint and if a TLS/DTLS
      connection associated with the "m=" section is to be established
      (or re-established), initiate the establishment of the TLS/DTLS
      connection (by sending a ClientHello message).

      |  Note: An answerer compliant with [RFC4583] might not include
      |  'floorctrl' and 'bfcpver' attributes in answers, in which case
      |  the default values apply.

   If the "m=" line in the answer contains a zero port value or if the
   offerer for some other reason does not accept the answer (e.g., if
   the answerer only indicates support of BFCP versions not supported by
   the offerer), the offerer MUST NOT establish a TCP connection or a
   TLS/DTLS connection associated with the "m=" section.

10.4.  Modifying the Session

   When an offerer sends an updated offer, in order to modify a
   previously established BFCP stream, it follows the procedures in
   Section 10.1, with the following exceptions:

   *  If the BFCP stream is carried on top of TCP and if the offerer
      does not want to re-establish an existing TCP connection, the
      offerer MUST include in the "m=" section an SDP 'connection'
      attribute with a value of "existing", and

   *  If the offerer wants to disable a previously established BFCP
      stream, it MUST assign a zero port value to the "m=" line
      associated with the BFCP connection, following the procedures in
      [RFC3264].

11.  Examples

   For the purpose of brevity, the main portion of the session
   description is omitted in the examples, which only show "m=" sections
   and their "m=" lines and attributes.

   The following is an example of an offer sent by a conference server
   to a client.

   m=application 50000 TCP/TLS/BFCP *
   a=setup:actpass
   a=connection:new
   a=fingerprint:sha-256 \
        19:E2:1C:3B:4B:9F:81:E6:B8:5C:F4:A5:A8:D8:73:04: \
        BB:05:2F:70:9F:04:A9:0E:05:E9:26:33:E8:70:88:A2
   a=floorctrl:c-only s-only
   a=confid:4321
   a=userid:1234
   a=floorid:1 mstrm:10
   a=floorid:2 mstrm:11
   a=bfcpver:1 2
   m=audio 50002 RTP/AVP 0
   a=label:10
   m=video 50004 RTP/AVP 31
   a=label:11

   Note that due to RFC formatting conventions, this document splits the
   SDP entries across lines whose content would exceed the maximum line
   length.  A backslash character ("\") marks where this line folding
   has taken place.  This backslash and its trailing CRLF and whitespace
   would not appear in actual SDP content.

   The following is the answer returned by the client.

   m=application 9 TCP/TLS/BFCP *
   a=setup:active
   a=connection:new
   a=fingerprint:sha-256 \
        6B:8B:F0:65:5F:78:E2:51:3B:AC:6F:F3:3F:46:1B:35: \
        DC:B8:5F:64:1A:24:C2:43:F0:A1:58:D0:A1:2C:19:08
   a=floorctrl:c-only
   a=bfcpver:1
   m=audio 55000 RTP/AVP 0
   m=video 55002 RTP/AVP 31

   A similar example using an unreliable transport and DTLS is shown
   below, where the offer is sent from a client.

   m=application 50000 UDP/TLS/BFCP *
   a=setup:actpass
   a=dtls-id:abc3dl
   a=fingerprint:sha-256 \
        19:E2:1C:3B:4B:9F:81:E6:B8:5C:F4:A5:A8:D8:73:04: \
        BB:05:2F:70:9F:04:A9:0E:05:E9:26:33:E8:70:88:A2
   a=floorctrl:c-only s-only
   a=confid:4321
   a=userid:1234
   a=floorid:1 mstrm:10
   a=floorid:2 mstrm:11
   a=bfcpver:1 2
   m=audio 50002 RTP/AVP 0
   a=label:10
   m=video 50004 RTP/AVP 31
   a=label:11

   The following is the answer returned by the server.

   m=application 55000 UDP/TLS/BFCP *
   a=setup:active
   a=dtls-id:abc3dl
   a=fingerprint:sha-256 \
        6B:8B:F0:65:5F:78:E2:51:3B:AC:6F:F3:3F:46:1B:35: \
        DC:B8:5F:64:1A:24:C2:43:F0:A1:58:D0:A1:2C:19:08
   a=floorctrl:s-only
   a=confid:4321
   a=userid:1234
   a=floorid:1 mstrm:10
   a=floorid:2 mstrm:11
   a=bfcpver:2
   m=audio 55002 RTP/AVP 0
   m=video 55004 RTP/AVP 31

12.  Security Considerations

   The BFCP specification [RFC8855], SDP specification [RFC4566], and
   offer/answer specification [RFC3264] discuss security issues related
   to BFCP, SDP, and offer/answer, respectively.  In addition, [RFC4145]
   and [RFC8122] discuss security issues related to the establishment of
   TCP and TLS connections using an offer/answer model.  Furthermore,
   when using DTLS over UDP, the generic offer/answer considerations
   defined in [RFC8842] MUST be followed.

   The usage of certain proto values in the SDP offer/answer negotiation
   will result in a BFCP stream that is not protected by TLS or DTLS.
   Operators will need to provide integrity protection and
   confidentiality protection of the BFCP stream using other means.

   The generic security considerations associated with SDP attributes
   are defined in [RFC3264].  While the attributes defined in this
   specification do not reveal information about the content of
   individual BFCP-controlled media streams, they do reveal which media
   streams will be BFCP controlled.

13.  IANA Considerations

   This document registers three new values in the "proto" subregistry
   within the "Session Description Protocol (SDP) Parameters" registry:
   TCP/DTLS/BFCP, UDP/BFCP,
   'TCP/DTLS/BFCP', 'UDP/BFCP', and UDP/TLS/BFCP 'UDP/TLS/BFCP' (see Section 13.1).

   This document also registers a new SDP attribute in the "att-field"
   subregistry within the "Session Description Protocol (SDP)
   Parameters" registry: 'bfcpver' (see Section 5.5).

   The remaining values are unchanged from [RFC4582], except that the
   references have been updated to refer to this document.

13.1.  Registration of SDP 'proto' Values

   The IANA has registered three new values in the SDP 'proto' field
   under the "Session Description Protocol (SDP) Parameters" registry.

                       +---------------+-----------+
                       | Value         | Reference |
                       +===============+===========+
                       | TCP/BFCP      |  RFC 8856 |
                       +---------------+-----------+
                       | TCP/DTLS/BFCP |  RFC 8856 |
                       +---------------+-----------+
                       | TCP/TLS/BFCP  |  RFC 8856 |
                       +---------------+-----------+
                       | UDP/BFCP      |  RFC 8856 |
                       +---------------+-----------+
                       | UDP/TLS/BFCP  |  RFC 8856 |
                       +---------------+-----------+

                          Table 3: Values for the
                             SDP 'proto' Field

13.2.  Registration of the SDP 'floorctrl' Attribute

   This document defines the SDP 'floorctrl' attribute.  Details
   regarding this attribute are provided in Section 5.1.

13.3.  Registration of the SDP 'confid' Attribute

   This document defines the SDP 'confid' attribute.  Details regarding
   this attribute are provided in Section 5.2.

13.4.  Registration of the SDP 'userid' Attribute

   This document defines the SDP 'userid' attribute.  Details regarding
   this attribute are provided in Section 5.3.

13.5.  Registration of the SDP 'floorid' Attribute

   This document defines the SDP 'floorid' attribute.  Details regarding
   this attribute are provided in Section 5.4.

13.6.  Registration of the SDP 'bfcpver' Attribute

   This document defines the SDP 'bfcpver' attribute.  Details regarding
   this attribute are provided in Section 5.5.

14.  Changes from RFC 4583

   The technical changes and other fixes from [RFC4583] are listed
   below.

   The main purpose of this work was to add signaling support necessary
   to support BFCP over an unreliable transport, as described in
   [RFC8855], resulting in the following changes:

   *  Fields in the "m=" Line (Section 4):

      This section has been rewritten to remove reference to the
      exclusivity of TCP as a transport for BFCP streams.  The proto
      field values TCP/DTLS/BFCP, UDP/BFCP, 'TCP/DTLS/BFCP', 'UDP/BFCP', and UDP/TLS/BFCP 'UDP/TLS/BFCP' have
      been added.

   *  Security Considerations (Section 12):

      For the DTLS-over-UDP case, we direct the reader to existing
      considerations and requirements for the offer/answer exchange as
      provided in [RFC8842].

   *  Registration of SDP 'proto' Values (Section 13.1):

      This document registers the three new values TCP/DTLS/BFCP, UDP/
      BFCP, 'TCP/DTLS/BFCP',
      'UDP/BFCP', and UDP/TLS/BFCP 'UDP/TLS/BFCP' in the "Session Description
      Protocol (SDP) Parameters" registry.

   *  BFCP Version Negotiation  SDP 'bfcpver' Attribute (Section 5.5):

      A new 'bfcpver' SDP media-level attribute has been added, in order
      to signal the supported version number.

   In addition to the changes associated with support of BFCP over an
   unreliable transport, the possibility that an endpoint can act as
   both a floor control client and a floor control server at the same
   time has been removed.  An endpoint will now take the same role for
   all BFCP-controlled streams associated with the BFCP stream.

   Clarifications and bug fixes:

   *  Erratum ID 712 (Sections 3 and 10; 10 of [RFC4583]; see [Err712] for
      details):

      Do not use language such as 'used in an "m=" line' when discussing
      an SDP attribute; instead, make clear that the attribute is a
      media-level attribute.

   *  Spelling corrected in the first SDP example in Section 9 of
      [RFC4583]:

      Do not use 'm-stream' as listed in the first SDP example in
      [RFC4583]; instead, use the correct 'mstrm' as specified in
      Section 11 of this document.  However, we recommend continuing to
      interpret 'm-stream', if received, because it is still present in
      some implementations.

   *  Assorted clarifications (throughout the document):

      Language clarifications were made as a result of reviews.  Also,
      normative language was "tightened" where appropriate, i.e.,
      changed from "SHOULD" strength to "MUST" in a number of places.

15.  References

15.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC3261]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
              A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E.
              Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3261, June 2002,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3261>.

   [RFC3264]  Rosenberg, J. and H. Schulzrinne, "An Offer/Answer Model
              with Session Description Protocol (SDP)", RFC 3264,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3264, June 2002,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3264>.

   [RFC4145]  Yon, D. and G. Camarillo, "TCP-Based Media Transport in
              the Session Description Protocol (SDP)", RFC 4145,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4145, September 2005,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4145>.

   [RFC4566]  Handley, M., Jacobson, V., and C. Perkins, "SDP: Session
              Description Protocol", RFC 4566, DOI 10.17487/RFC4566,
              July 2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4566>.

   [RFC4571]  Lazzaro, J., "Framing Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP)
              and RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Packets over Connection-
              Oriented Transport", RFC 4571, DOI 10.17487/RFC4571, July
              2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4571>.

   [RFC4574]  Levin, O. and G. Camarillo, "The Session Description
              Protocol (SDP) Label Attribute", RFC 4574,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4574, August 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4574>.

   [RFC4582]  Camarillo, G., Ott, J., and K. Drage, "The Binary Floor
              Control Protocol (BFCP)", RFC 4582, DOI 10.17487/RFC4582,
              November 2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4582>.

   [RFC4583]  Camarillo, G., "Session Description Protocol (SDP) Format
              for Binary Floor Control Protocol (BFCP) Streams",
              RFC 4583, DOI 10.17487/RFC4583, November 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4583>.

   [RFC5234]  Crocker, D., Ed. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax
              Specifications: ABNF", STD 68, RFC 5234,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5234, January 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5234>.

   [RFC6347]  Rescorla, E. and N. Modadugu, "Datagram Transport Layer
              Security Version 1.2", RFC 6347, DOI 10.17487/RFC6347,
              January 2012, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6347>.

   [RFC6544]  Rosenberg, J., Keranen, A., Lowekamp, B. B., and A. B.
              Roach, "TCP Candidates with Interactive Connectivity
              Establishment (ICE)", RFC 6544, DOI 10.17487/RFC6544,
              March 2012, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6544>.

   [RFC8122]  Lennox, J. and C. Holmberg, "Connection-Oriented Media
              Transport over the Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol
              in the Session Description Protocol (SDP)", RFC 8122,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8122, March 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8122>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8445]  Keranen, A., Holmberg, C., and J. Rosenberg, "Interactive
              Connectivity Establishment (ICE): A Protocol for Network
              Address Translator (NAT) Traversal", RFC 8445,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8445, July 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8445>.

   [RFC8839]  Petit-Huguenin, M., Nandakumar, S., Holmberg, C., Keränen,
              A., and R. Shpount, "Session Description Protocol (SDP)
              Offer/Answer Procedures for Interactive Connectivity
              Establishment (ICE)", RFC 8839, DOI 10.17487/RFC8839, May
              2020, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8839>.

   [RFC8842]  Holmberg, C. and R. Shpount, "Session Description Protocol
              (SDP) Offer/Answer Considerations for Datagram Transport
              Layer Security (DTLS) and Transport Layer Security (TLS)",
              RFC 8842, DOI 10.17487/RFC8842, May 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8842>.

   [RFC8855]  Camarillo, G., Drage, K., Kristensen, T., Ott, J., and C.
              Eckel, "The Binary Floor Control Protocol (BFCP)",
              RFC 8855, DOI 10.17487/RFC8855, May 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8855>.

   [RFC8859]  Nandakumar, S., "A Framework for SDP Attributes When
              Multiplexing", DOI 10.17487/RFC8859, RFC 8859, May 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8859>.

15.2.  Informative References

   [Err712]   RFC Errata, Erratum ID 712, RFC 4583,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/errata/eid712>.

   [RFC5576]  Lennox, J., Ott, J., and T. Schierl, "Source-Specific
              Media Attributes in the Session Description Protocol
              (SDP)", RFC 5576, DOI 10.17487/RFC5576, June 2009,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5576>.

   [RFC8843]  Holmberg, C., Alvestrand, H., and C. Jennings,
              "Negotiating Media Multiplexing Using the Session
              Description Protocol (SDP)", RFC 8843,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8843, May 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8843>.

Acknowledgements

   Joerg Ott, Keith Drage, Alan Johnston, Eric Rescorla, Roni Even, and
   Oscar Novo provided useful ideas for the original [RFC4583].  The
   authors also acknowledge contributions to the revision of BFCP for
   use over an unreliable transport from Geir Arne Sandbakken, Charles
   Eckel, Alan Ford, Eoin McLeod, and Mark Thompson.  Useful and
   important final reviews were done by Ali C. Begen, Mary Barnes, and
   Charles Eckel.  In the final stages, Roman Shpount made a
   considerable effort in adding proper ICE support and considerations.

Authors' Addresses

   Gonzalo Camarillo
   Ericsson
   Hirsalantie 11
   FI-02420 Jorvas
   Finland

   Email: Gonzalo.Camarillo@ericsson.com

   Tom Kristensen
   Jotron AS
   Ringdalskogen 8
   3270 Larvik
   Norway

   Email: tom.kristensen@jotron.com, tomkri@ifi.uio.no

   Christer Holmberg
   Ericsson
   Hirsalantie 11
   FI-02420 Jorvas
   Finland

   Email: christer.holmberg@ericsson.com