Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         R. Presta
Request for Comments: 8846                                   S P. Romano
Category: Standards Track                           University of Napoli
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                June 2020

  An XML Schema for the Controlling Multiple Streams for Telepresence
                           (CLUE) Data Model

Abstract

   This document provides an XML schema file for the definition of CLUE
   data model types.  The term "CLUE" stands for "Controlling Multiple
   Streams for Telepresence" and is the name of the IETF working group
   in which this document, as well as other companion documents, has
   been developed.  The document defines a coherent structure for
   information associated with the description of a telepresence
   scenario.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8846.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction
   2.  Terminology
   3.  Definitions
   4.  XML Schema
   5.  <mediaCaptures>
   6.  <encodingGroups>
   7.  <captureScenes>
   8.  <simultaneousSets>
   9.  <globalViews>
   10. <captureEncodings>
   11. <mediaCapture>
     11.1.  captureID Attribute
     11.2.  mediaType Attribute
     11.3.  <captureSceneIDREF>
     11.4.  <encGroupIDREF>
     11.5.  <spatialInformation>
       11.5.1.  <captureOrigin>
       11.5.2.  <captureArea>
     11.6.  <nonSpatiallyDefinable>
     11.7.  <content>
     11.8.  <synchronizationID>
     11.9.  <allowSubsetChoice>
     11.10. <policy>
     11.11. <maxCaptures>
     11.12. <individual>
     11.13. <description>
     11.14. <priority>
     11.15. <lang>
     11.16. <mobility>
     11.17. <relatedTo>
     11.18. <view>
     11.19. <presentation>
     11.20. <embeddedText>
     11.21. <capturedPeople>
       11.21.1.  <personIDREF>
   12. Audio Captures
     12.1.  <sensitivityPattern>
   13. Video Captures
   14. Text Captures
   15. Other Capture Types
   16. <captureScene>
     16.1.  <sceneInformation>
     16.2.  <sceneViews>
     16.3.  sceneID Attribute
     16.4.  scale Attribute
   17. <sceneView>
     17.1.  <mediaCaptureIDs>
     17.2.  sceneViewID Attribute
   18. <encodingGroup>
     18.1.  <maxGroupBandwidth>
     18.2.  <encodingIDList>
     18.3.  encodingGroupID Attribute
   19. <simultaneousSet>
     19.1.  setID Attribute
     19.2.  mediaType Attribute
     19.3.  <mediaCaptureIDREF>
     19.4.  <sceneViewIDREF>
     19.5.  <captureSceneIDREF>
   20. <globalView>
   21. <people>
     21.1.  <person>
       21.1.1.  personID Attribute
       21.1.2.  <personInfo>
       21.1.3.  <personType>
   22. <captureEncoding>
     22.1.  <captureID>
     22.2.  <encodingID>
     22.3.  <configuredContent>
   23. <clueInfo>
   24. XML Schema Extensibility
     24.1.  Example of Extension
   25. Security Considerations
   26. IANA Considerations
     26.1.  XML Namespace Registration
     26.2.  XML Schema Registration
     26.3.  Media Type Registration for "application/clue_info+xml"
     26.4.  Registry for Acceptable <view> Values
     26.5.  Registry for Acceptable <presentation> Values
     26.6.  Registry for Acceptable <sensitivityPattern> Values
     26.7.  Registry for Acceptable <personType> Values
   27. Sample XML File
   28. MCC Example
   29. References
     29.1.  Normative References
     29.2.  Informative References
   Acknowledgements
   Authors' Addresses

1.  Introduction

   This document provides an XML schema file for the definition of CLUE
   data model types.  For the benefit of the reader, the term "CLUE"
   stands for "Controlling Multiple Streams for Telepresence" and is the
   name of the IETF working group in which this document, as well as
   other companion documents, has been developed.  A thorough definition
   of the CLUE framework can be found in [RFC8845].

   The schema is based on information contained in [RFC8845].  It
   encodes information and constraints defined in the aforementioned
   document in order to provide a formal representation of the concepts
   therein presented.

   The document aims at specifies the definition of a coherent structure for
   information associated with the description of a telepresence
   scenario.  Such information is used within the CLUE protocol messages
   [RFC8847], enabling the dialogue between a Media Provider and a Media
   Consumer.  CLUE protocol messages, indeed, are XML messages allowing
   (i) a Media Provider to advertise its telepresence capabilities in
   terms of media captures, capture scenes, and other features
   envisioned in the CLUE framework, according to the format herein
   defined and (ii) a Media Consumer to request the desired telepresence
   options in the form of capture encodings, represented as described in
   this document.

2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

3.  Definitions

   This document refers to the same definitions used in [RFC8845],
   except for the "CLUE Participant" definition.  We briefly recall
   herein some of the main terms used in the document.

   Audio Capture:  Media Capture for audio.  Denoted as "ACn" in the
      examples in this document.

   Capture:  Same as Media Capture.

   Capture Device:  A device that converts physical input, such as
      audio, video, or text, into an electrical signal, in most cases to
      be fed into a media encoder.

   Capture Encoding:  A specific encoding of a Media Capture, to be sent
      by a Media Provider to a Media Consumer via RTP.

   Capture Scene:  A structure representing a spatial region captured by
      one or more Capture Devices, each capturing media representing a
      portion of the region.  The spatial region represented by a
      Capture Scene MAY correspond to a real region in physical space,
      such as a room.  A Capture Scene includes attributes and one or
      more Capture Scene Views, with each view including one or more
      Media Captures.

   Capture Scene View: View (CSV):  A list of Media Captures of the same media
      type that together form one way to represent the entire Capture
      Scene.

   CLUE Participant:  This term is imported from the CLUE protocol
      document [RFC8847].

   Consumer:  Short for Media Consumer.

   Encoding or Individual Encoding:  A set of parameters representing a
      way to encode a Media Capture to become a Capture Encoding.

   Encoding Group:  A set of encoding parameters representing a total
      media encoding capability to be subdivided across potentially
      multiple Individual Encodings.

   Endpoint:  A CLUE-capable device that is the logical point of final
      termination through receiving, decoding, decoding and rendering rendering, and/or
      initiation through capturing, encoding, and sending of media
      streams.  An endpoint consists of one or more physical devices
      that source and sink media streams and exactly one Participant participant
      [RFC4353] (which, in turn, includes exactly one SIP User Agent).
      Endpoints can be anything from multiscreen/multicamera rooms to
      handheld devices.

   Media:  Any data that, after suitable encoding, can be conveyed over
      RTP, including audio, video, or timed text.

   Media Capture:  A source of Media, such as from one or more Capture
      Devices or constructed from other Media media streams.

   Media Consumer:  A CLUE-capable device that intends to receive
      Capture Encodings.

   Media Provider:  A CLUE-capable device that intends to send Capture
      Encodings.

   Multiple Content Capture (MCC):  A Capture that mixes and/or switches
      other Captures of a single type (e.g., all audio or all video.)
      Particular Media Captures may or may not be present in the
      resultant Capture Encoding depending on time or space.  Denoted as
      "MCCn" in the example cases in this document.

   Multipoint Control Unit (MCU):  A CLUE-capable device that connects
      two or more endpoints together into one single multimedia
      conference [RFC7667].  An MCU includes an [RFC4353] like a Mixer, similar to those
      in [RFC4353], but without the [RFC4353] requirement to send media to each
      participant.

   Plane of Interest:  The spatial plane within a scene containing the most relevant
      most-relevant subject matter. matter

   Provider:  Same as Media Provider.

   Render:  The process of reproducing the received Streams -- for
      instance, displaying the remote generating a representation from Media, such
      as displayed motion video on the Media Consumer's
      screens or playing the remote audio through sound emitted from loudspeakers.

   Scene:  Same as Capture Scene.

   Simultaneous Transmission Set:  A set of Media Captures that can be
      transmitted simultaneously from a Media Provider.

   Single Media Capture:  A capture that contains media from a single
      source capture device, e.g., an audio capture from a single
      microphone or a video capture from a single camera.

   Spatial Relation:  The arrangement of two objects in space, in
      contrast to relation in time or other relationships.

   Stream:  A Capture Encoding sent from a Media Provider to a Media
      Consumer via RTP [RFC3550].

   Stream Characteristics:  The union of the features media stream attributes commonly used to describe a
      Stream in the CLUE environment and in the
      non-CLUE SIP/SDP environment. environments (such as media codec, bitrate,
      resolution, profile/level, etc.) as well as CLUE-specific
      attributes, such as the Capture ID or a spatial location.

   Video Capture:  A Media Capture for video.

4.  XML Schema

   This section contains the XML schema for the CLUE data model schema
   definition.

   The element and attribute definitions are formal representations of
   the concepts needed to describe the capabilities of a Media Provider
   and the streams that are requested by a Media Consumer given the
   Media Provider's ADVERTISEMENT [RFC8847].

   The main groups of information are:

      <mediaCaptures>:  the list of media captures available (Section 5)

      <encodingGroups>:  the list of encoding groups (Section 6)

      <captureScenes>:  the list of capture scenes (Section 7)

      <simultaneousSets>:  the list of simultaneous transmission sets
         (Section 8)

      <globalViews>:  the list of global views sets (Section 9)

      <people>:  metadata about the participants represented in the
         telepresence session (Section 21)

      <captureEncodings>:  the list of instantiated capture encodings
         (Section 10)

   All of the above refer to concepts that have been introduced in
   [RFC8845] and further detailed in this document.

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
   <xs:schema
      targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info"
      xmlns:tns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info"
      xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
      xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info"
      xmlns:xcard="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:vcard-4.0"
      elementFormDefault="qualified"
      attributeFormDefault="unqualified"
      version="1.0">

   <!-- Import xCard XML schema -->
   <xs:import namespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:vcard-4.0"
   schemaLocation=
     "https://www.iana.org/assignments/xml-registry/schema/
      vcard-4.0.xsd"/>

   <!-- ELEMENT DEFINITIONS -->
   <xs:element name="mediaCaptures" type="mediaCapturesType"/>
   <xs:element name="encodingGroups" type="encodingGroupsType"/>
   <xs:element name="captureScenes" type="captureScenesType"/>
   <xs:element name="simultaneousSets" type="simultaneousSetsType"/>
   <xs:element name="globalViews" type="globalViewsType"/>
   <xs:element name="people" type="peopleType"/>

   <xs:element name="captureEncodings" type="captureEncodingsType"/>

   <!-- MEDIA CAPTURES TYPE -->
   <!-- envelope of media captures -->
   <xs:complexType name="mediaCapturesType">
    <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element name="mediaCapture" type="mediaCaptureType"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- DESCRIPTION element -->
   <xs:element name="description">
    <xs:complexType>
     <xs:simpleContent>
      <xs:extension base="xs:string">
        <xs:attribute name="lang" type="xs:language"/>
      </xs:extension>
     </xs:simpleContent>
    </xs:complexType>
   </xs:element>

   <!-- MEDIA CAPTURE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="mediaCaptureType" abstract="true">
     <xs:sequence>
       <!-- mandatory fields -->
       <xs:element name="captureSceneIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"/>
       <xs:choice>
         <xs:sequence>
           <xs:element name="spatialInformation"
                       type="tns:spatialInformationType"/>
         </xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name="nonSpatiallyDefinable" type="xs:boolean"
         fixed="true"/>
       </xs:choice>
       <!-- for handling multicontent captures: -->
       <xs:choice>
         <xs:sequence>
           <xs:element name="synchronizationID" type="xs:ID"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <xs:element name="content" type="contentType" minOccurs="0"/>
           <xs:element name="policy" type="policyType" minOccurs="0"/>
           <xs:element name="maxCaptures" type="maxCapturesType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <xs:element name="allowSubsetChoice" type="xs:boolean"
            minOccurs="0"/>
         </xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name="individual" type="xs:boolean" fixed="true"/>
       </xs:choice>
       <!-- optional fields -->
       <xs:element name="encGroupIDREF" type="xs:IDREF" minOccurs="0"/>
       <xs:element ref="description" minOccurs="0"
        maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <xs:element name="priority" type="xs:unsignedInt" minOccurs="0"/>
       <xs:element name="lang" type="xs:language" minOccurs="0"
        maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
           <xs:element name="mobility" type="mobilityType"
            minOccurs="0" />
       <xs:element ref="presentation" minOccurs="0" />
       <xs:element ref="embeddedText" minOccurs="0" />
       <xs:element ref="view" minOccurs="0" />
       <xs:element name="capturedPeople" type="capturedPeopleType"
        minOccurs="0"/>
       <xs:element name="relatedTo" type="xs:IDREF" minOccurs="0"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:attribute name="captureID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
     <xs:attribute name="mediaType" type="xs:string" use="required"/>

   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- POLICY TYPE -->
   <xs:simpleType name="policyType">
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">
         <xs:pattern value="([a-zA-Z0-9])+[:]([0-9])+"/>
       </xs:restriction>
   </xs:simpleType>

   <!-- CONTENT TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="contentType">
    <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element name="mediaCaptureIDREF" type="xs:string"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:element name="sceneViewIDREF" type="xs:string"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- MAX CAPTURES TYPE -->
   <xs:simpleType name="positiveShort">
           <xs:restriction base="xs:unsignedShort">
                   <xs:minInclusive value="1">
                   </xs:minInclusive>
           </xs:restriction>
   </xs:simpleType>

   <xs:complexType name="maxCapturesType">
           <xs:simpleContent>
                   <xs:extension base="positiveShort">
                           <xs:attribute name="exactNumber"
                                   type="xs:boolean"/>
                   </xs:extension>
           </xs:simpleContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- CAPTURED PEOPLE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="capturedPeopleType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="personIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- PEOPLE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="peopleType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="person" type="personType" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- PERSON TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="personType">
     <xs:sequence>
        <xs:element name="personInfo" type="xcard:vcardType"
         maxOccurs="1" minOccurs="0"/>
        <xs:element ref="personType" minOccurs="0"
         maxOccurs="unbounded" />
        <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
         maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:attribute name="personID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- PERSON TYPE ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="personType" type="xs:string">
    <xs:annotation>
     <xs:documentation>
      Acceptable values (enumerations) for this type are managed
      by IANA in the "CLUE Schema &lt;personType&gt; registry",
      accessible at https://www.iana.org/assignments/clue.
     </xs:documentation>
    </xs:annotation>
   </xs:element>

   <!-- VIEW ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="view" type="xs:string">
    <xs:annotation>
     <xs:documentation>
      Acceptable values (enumerations) for this type are managed
      by IANA in the "CLUE Schema &lt;view&gt; registry",
      accessible at https://www.iana.org/assignments/clue.
     </xs:documentation>
    </xs:annotation>
   </xs:element>

   <!-- PRESENTATION ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="presentation" type="xs:string">
    <xs:annotation>
     <xs:documentation>
      Acceptable values (enumerations) for this type are managed
      by IANA in the "CLUE Schema &lt;presentation&gt; registry",
      accessible at https://www.iana.org/assignments/clue.
     </xs:documentation>
    </xs:annotation>
   </xs:element>

   <!-- SPATIAL INFORMATION TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="spatialInformationType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="captureOrigin" type="captureOriginType"
      minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:element name="captureArea" type="captureAreaType"
      minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- POINT TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="pointType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="x" type="xs:decimal"/>
     <xs:element name="y" type="xs:decimal"/>
     <xs:element name="z" type="xs:decimal"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- CAPTURE ORIGIN TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureOriginType">
     <xs:sequence>
          <xs:element name="capturePoint" type="pointType"></xs:element>
          <xs:element name="lineOfCapturePoint" type="pointType"
           minOccurs="0">
          </xs:element>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##any" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- CAPTURE AREA TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureAreaType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="bottomLeft" type="pointType"/>
     <xs:element name="bottomRight" type="pointType"/>
     <xs:element name="topLeft" type="pointType"/>
     <xs:element name="topRight" type="pointType"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- MOBILITY TYPE -->
   <xs:simpleType name="mobilityType">
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">
     <xs:enumeration value="static" />
     <xs:enumeration value="dynamic" />
     <xs:enumeration value="highly-dynamic" />
    </xs:restriction>
   </xs:simpleType>

   <!-- TEXT CAPTURE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="textCaptureType">
    <xs:complexContent>
     <xs:extension base="tns:mediaCaptureType">
     <xs:sequence>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
     </xs:extension>
    </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- OTHER CAPTURE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="otherCaptureType">
    <xs:complexContent>
     <xs:extension base="tns:mediaCaptureType">
     <xs:sequence>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
     </xs:extension>
    </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- AUDIO CAPTURE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="audioCaptureType">
    <xs:complexContent>
     <xs:extension base="tns:mediaCaptureType">
      <xs:sequence>
           <xs:element ref="sensitivityPattern" minOccurs="0" />
       <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      </xs:sequence>
      <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
     </xs:extension>
    </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- SENSITIVITY PATTERN ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="sensitivityPattern" type="xs:string">
    <xs:annotation>
     <xs:documentation>
      Acceptable values (enumerations) for this type are managed by
      IANA in the "CLUE Schema &lt;sensitivityPattern&gt; registry",
      accessible at https://www.iana.org/assignments/clue.
     </xs:documentation>
    </xs:annotation>
   </xs:element>

   <!-- VIDEO CAPTURE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="videoCaptureType">
    <xs:complexContent>
     <xs:extension base="tns:mediaCaptureType">
      <xs:sequence>
       <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      </xs:sequence>
      <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
     </xs:extension>
    </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- EMBEDDED TEXT ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="embeddedText">
    <xs:complexType>
     <xs:simpleContent>
      <xs:extension base="xs:boolean">
       <xs:attribute name="lang" type="xs:language"/>
      </xs:extension>
     </xs:simpleContent>
    </xs:complexType>
   </xs:element>

   <!-- CAPTURE SCENES TYPE -->
   <!-- envelope of capture scenes -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureScenesType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="captureScene" type="captureSceneType"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- CAPTURE SCENE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureSceneType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element ref="description" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     <xs:element name="sceneInformation" type="xcard:vcardType"
      minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:element name="sceneViews" type="sceneViewsType" minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="sceneID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
    <xs:attribute name="scale" type="scaleType" use="required"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- SCALE TYPE -->
   <xs:simpleType name="scaleType">
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">
     <xs:enumeration value="mm"/>
     <xs:enumeration value="unknown"/>
     <xs:enumeration value="noscale"/>
    </xs:restriction>
   </xs:simpleType>

   <!-- SCENE VIEWS TYPE -->
   <!-- envelope of scene views of a capture scene -->
   <xs:complexType name="sceneViewsType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="sceneView" type="sceneViewType"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- SCENE VIEW TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="sceneViewType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element ref="description" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     <xs:element name="mediaCaptureIDs" type="captureIDListType"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="sceneViewID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- CAPTURE ID LIST TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureIDListType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="mediaCaptureIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- ENCODING GROUPS TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="encodingGroupsType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="encodingGroup" type="tns:encodingGroupType"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- ENCODING GROUP TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="encodingGroupType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="maxGroupBandwidth" type="xs:unsignedLong"/>
     <xs:element name="encodingIDList" type="encodingIDListType"/>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="encodingGroupID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##any" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- ENCODING ID LIST TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="encodingIDListType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="encodingID" type="xs:string"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- SIMULTANEOUS SETS TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="simultaneousSetsType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="simultaneousSet" type="simultaneousSetType"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- SIMULTANEOUS SET TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="simultaneousSetType">
    <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element name="mediaCaptureIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:element name="sceneViewIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:element name="captureSceneIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="setID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
    <xs:attribute name="mediaType" type="xs:string"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##any" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- GLOBAL VIEWS TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="globalViewsType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="globalView" type="globalViewType"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- GLOBAL VIEW TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="globalViewType">
    <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element name="sceneViewIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="globalViewID" type="xs:ID"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##any" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- CAPTURE ENCODINGS TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureEncodingsType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="captureEncoding" type="captureEncodingType"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- CAPTURE ENCODING TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureEncodingType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="captureID" type="xs:string"/>
     <xs:element name="encodingID" type="xs:string"/>
     <xs:element name="configuredContent" type="contentType"
      minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="ID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##any" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- CLUE INFO ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="clueInfo" type="clueInfoType"/>

   <!-- CLUE INFO TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="clueInfoType">
     <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element ref="mediaCaptures"/>
      <xs:element ref="encodingGroups"/>
      <xs:element ref="captureScenes"/>
      <xs:element ref="simultaneousSets" minOccurs="0"/>
      <xs:element ref="globalViews" minOccurs="0"/>
      <xs:element ref="people" minOccurs="0"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:attribute name="clueInfoID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>
   </xs:schema>

   The following sections describe the XML schema in more detail.  As a
   general remark, please notice that optional elements that don't
   define what their absence means are intended to be associated with
   undefined properties.

5.  <mediaCaptures>

   <mediaCaptures> represents the list of one or more media captures
   available at the Media Provider's side.  Each media capture is
   represented by a <mediaCapture> element (Section 11).

6.  <encodingGroups>

   <encodingGroups> represents the list of the encoding groups organized
   on the Media Provider's side.  Each encoding group is represented by
   an <encodingGroup> element (Section 18).

7.  <captureScenes>

   <captureScenes> represents the list of the capture scenes organized
   on the Media Provider's side.  Each capture scene is represented by a
   <captureScene> element (Section 16).

8.  <simultaneousSets>

   <simultaneousSets> contains the simultaneous sets indicated by the
   Media Provider.  Each simultaneous set is represented by a
   <simultaneousSet> element (Section 19).

9.  <globalViews>

   <globalViews> contains a set of alternative representations of all
   the scenes that are offered by a Media Provider to a Media Consumer.
   Each alternative is named "global view", and it is represented by a
   <globalView> element (Section 20).

10.  <captureEncodings>

   <captureEncodings> is a list of capture encodings.  It can represent
   the list of the desired capture encodings indicated by the Media
   Consumer or the list of instantiated captures on the provider's side.
   Each capture encoding is represented by a <captureEncoding> element
   (Section 22).

11.  <mediaCapture>

   A Media Capture is the fundamental representation of a media flow
   that is available on the provider's side.  Media captures are
   characterized by (i) a set of features that are independent from the
   specific type of medium and (ii) a set of features that are media
   specific.  The features that are common to all media types appear
   within the media capture type, which has been designed as an abstract
   complex type.  Media-specific captures, such as video captures, audio
   captures, and others, are specializations of that abstract media
   capture type, as in a typical generalization-specialization
   hierarchy.

   The following is the XML Schema schema definition of the media capture type:

   <!-- MEDIA CAPTURE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="mediaCaptureType" abstract="true">
     <xs:sequence>
       <!-- mandatory fields -->
       <xs:element name="captureSceneIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"/>
       <xs:choice>
         <xs:sequence>
           <xs:element name="spatialInformation"
                       type="tns:spatialInformationType"/>
         </xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name="nonSpatiallyDefinable" type="xs:boolean"
         fixed="true"/>
       </xs:choice>
       <!-- for handling multicontent captures: -->
       <xs:choice>
         <xs:sequence>
           <xs:element name="synchronizationID" type="xs:ID"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <xs:element name="content" type="contentType" minOccurs="0"/>
           <xs:element name="policy" type="policyType" minOccurs="0"/>
           <xs:element name="maxCaptures" type="maxCapturesType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <xs:element name="allowSubsetChoice" type="xs:boolean"
            minOccurs="0"/>
         </xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name="individual" type="xs:boolean" fixed="true"/>
       </xs:choice>
       <!-- optional fields -->
       <xs:element name="encGroupIDREF" type="xs:IDREF" minOccurs="0"/>
       <xs:element ref="description" minOccurs="0"
        maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <xs:element name="priority" type="xs:unsignedInt" minOccurs="0"/>
       <xs:element name="lang" type="xs:language" minOccurs="0"
        maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <xs:element name="mobility" type="mobilityType" minOccurs="0" />
       <xs:element ref="presentation" minOccurs="0" />
       <xs:element ref="embeddedText" minOccurs="0" />
       <xs:element ref="view" minOccurs="0" />
       <xs:element name="capturedPeople" type="capturedPeopleType"
        minOccurs="0"/>
       <xs:element name="relatedTo" type="xs:IDREF" minOccurs="0"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:attribute name="captureID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
     <xs:attribute name="mediaType" type="xs:string" use="required"/>
   </xs:complexType>

11.1.  captureID Attribute

   The "captureID" attribute is a mandatory field containing the
   identifier of the media capture.  Such an identifier serves as the
   way the capture is referenced from other data model elements (e.g.,
   simultaneous sets, capture encodings, and others via
   <mediaCaptureIDREF>).

11.2.  mediaType Attribute

   The "mediaType" attribute is a mandatory attribute specifying the
   media type of the capture.  Common standard values are "audio",
   "video", and "text", as defined in [RFC6838].  Other values can be
   provided.  It is assumed that implementations agree on the
   interpretation of those other values.  The "mediaType" attribute is
   as generic as possible.  Here is why: (i) the basic media capture
   type is an abstract one; (ii) "concrete" definitions for the standard
   audio, video, and text capture types [RFC6838] have been specified;
   (iii) a generic "otherCaptureType" type has been defined; and (iv)
   the "mediaType" attribute has been generically defined as a string,
   with no particular template.  From the considerations above, it is
   clear that if one chooses to rely on a brand new media type and wants
   to interoperate with others, an application-level agreement is needed
   on how to interpret such information.

11.3.  <captureSceneIDREF>

   <captureSceneIDREF> is a mandatory field containing the value of the
   identifier of the capture scene the media capture is defined in,
   i.e., the value of the sceneID attribute (Section 16.3) of that
   capture scene.  Indeed, each media capture MUST be defined within one
   and only one capture scene.  When a media capture is spatially
   definable, some spatial information is provided along with it in the
   form of point coordinates (see Section 11.5).  Such coordinates refer
   to the space of coordinates defined for the capture scene containing
   the capture.

11.4.  <encGroupIDREF>

   <encGroupIDREF> is an optional field containing the identifier of the
   encoding group the media capture is associated with, i.e., the value
   of the encodingGroupID attribute (Section 18.3) of that encoding
   group.  Media captures that are not associated with any encoding
   group cannot be instantiated as media streams.

11.5.  <spatialInformation>

   Media captures are divided into two categories: (i) non spatially
   definable captures and (ii) spatially definable captures.

   Captures are spatially definable when at least it is possible to
   provide (i) the coordinates of the device position within the
   telepresence room of origin (capture point) together with its
   capturing direction specified by a second point (point on line of
   capture) or (ii) the represented area within the telepresence room,
   by listing the coordinates of the four coplanar points identifying
   the plane of interest (area of capture).  The coordinates of the
   above mentioned points MUST be expressed according to the coordinate
   space of the capture scene the media captures belong to.

   Non spatially definable captures cannot be characterized within the
   physical space of the telepresence room of origin.  Captures of this
   kind are, for example, those related to recordings, text captures,
   DVDs, registered presentations, or external streams that are played
   in the telepresence room and transmitted to remote sites.

   Spatially definable captures represent a part of the telepresence
   room.  The captured part of the telepresence room is described by
   means of the <spatialInformation> element.  By comparing the
   <spatialInformation> element of different media captures within the
   same capture scene, a consumer can better determine the spatial
   relationships between them and render them correctly.  Non spatially
   definable captures do not embed such elements in their XML
   description: they are instead characterized by having the
   <nonSpatiallyDefinable> tag set to "true" (see Section 11.6).

   The definition of the spatial information type is the following:

   <!-- SPATIAL INFORMATION TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="spatialInformationType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="captureOrigin" type="captureOriginType"
      minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:element name="captureArea" type="captureAreaType"
      minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   The <captureOrigin> contains the coordinates of the capture device
   that is taking the capture (i.e., the capture point) as well as,
   optionally, the pointing direction (i.e., the point on line of
   capture); see Section 11.5.1.

   The <captureArea> is an optional field containing four points
   defining the captured area covered by the capture (see
   Section 11.5.2).

   The scale of the points coordinates is specified in the scale
   attribute (Section 16.4) of the capture scene the media capture
   belongs to.  Indeed, all the spatially definable media captures
   referring to the same capture scene share the same coordinate system
   and express their spatial information according to the same scale.

11.5.1.  <captureOrigin>

   The <captureOrigin> element is used to represent the position and
   optionally the line of capture of a capture device. <captureOrigin>
   MUST be included in spatially definable audio captures, while it is
   optional for spatially definable video captures.

   The XML Schema schema definition of the <captureOrigin> element type is the
   following:

   <!-- CAPTURE ORIGIN TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureOriginType">
     <xs:sequence>
           <xs:element name="capturePoint" type="pointType"/>
           <xs:element name="lineOfCapturePoint" type="pointType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##any" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   <!-- POINT TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="pointType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="x" type="xs:decimal"/>
     <xs:element name="y" type="xs:decimal"/>
     <xs:element name="z" type="xs:decimal"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   The point type contains three spatial coordinates (x,y,z)
   representing a point in the space associated with a certain capture
   scene.

   The <captureOrigin> element includes a mandatory <capturePoint>
   element and an optional <lineOfCapturePoint> element, both of the
   type "pointType". <capturePoint> specifies the three coordinates
   identifying the position of the capture device. <lineOfCapturePoint>
   is another pointType element representing the "point on line of
   capture", which gives the pointing direction of the capture device.

   The coordinates of the point on line of capture MUST NOT be identical
   to the capture point coordinates.  For a spatially definable video
   capture, if the point on line of capture is provided, it MUST belong
   to the region between the point of capture and the capture area.  For
   a spatially definable audio capture, if the point on line of capture
   is not provided, the sensitivity pattern should be considered
   omnidirectional.

11.5.2.  <captureArea>

   <captureArea> is an optional element that can be contained within the
   spatial information associated with a media capture.  It represents
   the spatial area captured by the media capture. <captureArea> MUST be
   included in the spatial information of spatially definable video
   captures, while it MUST NOT be associated with audio captures.

   The XML representation of that area is provided through a set of four
   point-type elements, <bottomLeft>, <bottomRight>, <topLeft>, and
   <topRight>, that MUST be coplanar.  The four coplanar points are
   identified from the perspective of the capture device.  The XML
   schema definition is the following:

   <!-- CAPTURE AREA TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureAreaType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="bottomLeft" type="pointType"/>
     <xs:element name="bottomRight" type="pointType"/>
     <xs:element name="topLeft" type="pointType"/>
     <xs:element name="topRight" type="pointType"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

11.6.  <nonSpatiallyDefinable>

   When media captures are non spatially definable, they MUST be marked
   with the boolean <nonSpatiallyDefinable> element set to "true", and
   no <spatialInformation> MUST be provided.  Indeed,
   <nonSpatiallyDefinable> and <spatialInformation> are mutually
   exclusive tags, according to the <choice> section within the XML
   Schema
   schema definition of the media capture type.

11.7.  <content>

   A media capture can be (i) an individual media capture or (ii) an
   MCC.  An MCC is made by different captures that can be arranged
   spatially (by a composition operation), or temporally (by a switching
   operation), or that can result from the orchestration of both the
   techniques.  If a media capture is an MCC, then it MAY show in its
   XML data model representation the <content> element.  It is composed
   by a list of media capture identifiers ("mediaCaptureIDREF") and
   capture scene view identifiers ("sceneViewIDREF"), where the latter
   ones are used as shortcuts to refer to multiple capture identifiers.
   The referenced captures are used to create the MCC according to a
   certain strategy.  If the <content> element does not appear in an
   MCC, or it has no child elements, then the MCC is assumed to be made
   of multiple sources, but no information regarding those sources is
   provided.

   <!-- CONTENT TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="contentType">
    <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element name="mediaCaptureIDREF" type="xs:string"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:element name="sceneViewIDREF" type="xs:string"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

11.8.  <synchronizationID>

   <synchronizationID> is an optional element for multiple content
   captures that contains a numeric identifier.  Multiple content
   captures marked with the same identifier in the <synchronizationID>
   contain at all times captures coming from the same sources.  It is
   the Media Provider that determines what the source is for the
   captures.  In this way, the Media Provider can choose how to group
   together single captures for the purpose of keeping them synchronized
   according to the <synchronizationID> element.

11.9.  <allowSubsetChoice>

   <allowSubsetChoice> is an optional boolean element for multiple
   content captures.  It indicates whether or not the Provider allows
   the Consumer to choose a specific subset of the captures referenced
   by the MCC.  If this attribute is true, and the MCC references other
   captures, then the Consumer MAY specify in a CONFIGURE message a
   specific subset of those captures to be included in the MCC, and the
   Provider MUST then include only that subset.  If this attribute is
   false, or the MCC does not reference other captures, then the
   Consumer MUST NOT select a subset.  If <allowSubsetChoice> is not
   shown in the XML description of the MCC, its value is to be
   considered "false".

11.10.  <policy>

   <policy> is an optional element that can be used only for multiple
   content captures.  It indicates the criteria applied to build the
   multiple content capture using the media captures referenced in the
   <mediaCaptureIDREF> list.  The <policy> value is in the form of a
   token that indicates the policy and an index representing an instance
   of the policy, separated by a ":" (e.g., SoundLevel:2, RoundRobin:0,
   etc.).  The XML schema defining the type of the <policy> element is
   the following:

   <!-- POLICY TYPE -->
   <xs:simpleType name="policyType">
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">
         <xs:pattern value="([a-zA-Z0-9])+[:]([0-9])+"/>
       </xs:restriction>
   </xs:simpleType>

   At the time of writing, only two switching policies are defined defined; they
   are in
   [RFC8845]: [RFC8845] as follows:

   |  SoundLevel:  This indicates that the content of the MCC is
   |     determined by a sound level
   |     detection sound-level-detection algorithm.  The loudest
   |     (active) speaker (or a
   | previous speaker, depending on the index
   |     value) is contained in
   | the MCC.  Index 0 represents the most current instance of the
   |     policy, i.e., the currently active speaker, 1 represents the
   |     previous instance, i.e., the previous active speaker, and so
   |     on.
   |
   |  RoundRobin:  This indicates that the content of the MCC is
   |     determined by a time-based
   | algorithm.  For example, the
   |     Provider provides content from a particular source for a period
   |     of time and then provides content from another source, and so
   |     on.

   Other values for the <policy> element can be used.  In this case, it
   is assumed that implementations agree on the meaning of those other
   values and/or those new switching policies are defined in later
   documents.

11.11.  <maxCaptures>

   <maxCaptures> is an optional element that can be used only for MCCs.
   It provides information about the number of media captures that can
   be represented in the multiple content capture at a time.  If
   <maxCaptures> is not provided, all the media captures listed in the
   <content> element can appear at a time in the capture encoding.  The
   type definition is provided below.

   <!-- MAX CAPTURES TYPE -->
   <xs:simpleType name="positiveShort">
           <xs:restriction base="xs:unsignedShort">
                   <xs:minInclusive value="1">
                   </xs:minInclusive>
           </xs:restriction>
   </xs:simpleType>

   <xs:complexType name="maxCapturesType">
           <xs:simpleContent>
                   <xs:extension base="positiveShort">
                           <xs:attribute name="exactNumber"
                                   type="xs:boolean"/>
                   </xs:extension>
           </xs:simpleContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   When the "exactNumber" attribute is set to "true", it means the
   <maxCaptures> element carries the exact number of the media captures
   appearing at a time.  Otherwise, the number of the represented media
   captures MUST be considered "<=" the <maxCaptures> value.

   For instance, an audio MCC having the <maxCaptures> value set to 1
   means that a media stream from the MCC will only contain audio from a
   single one of its constituent captures at a time.  On the other hand,
   if the <maxCaptures> value is set to 4 and the exactNumber attribute
   is set to "true", it would mean that the media stream received from
   the MCC will always contain a mix of audio from exactly four of its
   constituent captures.

11.12.  <individual>

   <individual> is a boolean element that MUST be used for single-
   content captures.  Its value is fixed and set to "true".  Such
   element indicates the capture that is being described is not an MCC.
   Indeed, <individual> and the aforementioned tags related to MCC
   attributes (from Sections 11.7 to 11.11) are mutually exclusive,
   according to the <choice> section within the XML Schema schema definition of
   the media capture type.

11.13.  <description>

   <description> is used to provide human-readable textual information.
   This element is included in the XML definition of media captures,
   capture scenes, and capture scene views to the aim of providing provide human-readable
   descriptions of, respectively, media captures, capture scenes, and
   capture scene views.  According to the data model definition of a
   media capture (Section 11)), zero or more <description> elements can
   be used, each providing information in a different language.  The
   <description> element definition is the following:

   <!-- DESCRIPTION element -->
   <xs:element name="description">
    <xs:complexType>
     <xs:simpleContent>
      <xs:extension base="xs:string">
        <xs:attribute name="lang" type="xs:language"/>
      </xs:extension>
     </xs:simpleContent>
    </xs:complexType>
   </xs:element>

   As can be seen, <description> is a string element with an attribute
   ("lang") indicating the language used in the textual description.
   Such an attribute is compliant with the Language-Tag ABNF production
   from [RFC5646].

11.14.  <priority>

   <priority> is an optional unsigned integer field indicating the
   importance of a media capture according to the Media Provider's
   perspective.  It can be used on the receiver's side to automatically
   identify the most relevant contribution from the Media Provider.  The
   higher the importance, the lower the contained value.  If no priority
   is assigned, no assumptions regarding relative importance of the
   media capture can be assumed.

11.15.  <lang>

   <lang> is an optional element containing the language used in the
   capture.  Zero or more <lang> elements can appear in the XML
   description of a media capture.  Each such element has to be
   compliant with the Language-Tag ABNF production from [RFC5646].

11.16.  <mobility>

   <mobility> is an optional element indicating whether or not the
   capture device originating the capture may move during the
   telepresence session.  That optional element can assume one of the
   three following values:

      static:  SHOULD NOT change for the duration of the CLUE session,
         across multiple ADVERTISEMENT messages.

      dynamic:  MAY change in each new ADVERTISEMENT message.  Can be
         assumed to remain unchanged until there is a new ADVERTISEMENT
         message.

      highly-dynamic:  MAY change dynamically, even between consecutive
         ADVERTISEMENT messages.  The spatial information provided in an
         ADVERTISEMENT message is simply a snapshot of the current
         values at the time when the message is sent.

11.17.  <relatedTo>

   The optional <relatedTo> element contains the value of the captureID
   attribute (Section 11.1) of the media capture to which the considered
   media capture refers.  The media capture marked with a <relatedTo>
   element can be, for example, the translation of the referred media
   capture in a different language.

11.18.  <view>

   The <view> element is an optional tag describing what is represented
   in the spatial area covered by a media capture.  It has been
   specified as a simple string with an annotation pointing to an IANA
   registry that is defined ad hoc:

   <!-- VIEW ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="view" type="xs:string">
    <xs:annotation>
     <xs:documentation>
      Acceptable values (enumerations) for this type are managed
      by IANA in the "CLUE Schema <view> &lt;view&gt; registry",
      accessible at https://www.iana.org/assignments/clue.
     </xs:documentation>
    </xs:annotation>
   </xs:element>

   The current possible values, as per the CLUE framework document
   [RFC8845], are: "room", "table", "lectern", "individual", and
   "audience".

11.19.  <presentation>

   The <presentation> element is an optional tag used for media captures
   conveying information about presentations within the telepresence
   session.  It has been specified as a simple string with an annotation
   pointing to an IANA registry that is defined ad hoc:

   <!-- PRESENTATION ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="presentation" type="xs:string">
    <xs:annotation>
     <xs:documentation>
      Acceptable values (enumerations) for this type are managed
      by IANA in the "CLUE Schema <presentation> &lt;presentation&gt; registry",
      accessible at https://www.iana.org/assignments/clue.
     </xs:documentation>
    </xs:annotation>
   </xs:element>

   The current possible values, as per the CLUE framework document
   [RFC8845], are "slides" and "images".

11.20.  <embeddedText>

   The <embeddedText> element is a boolean element indicating that there
   is text embedded in the media capture (e.g., in a video capture).
   The language used in such an embedded textual description is reported
   in the <embeddedText> "lang" attribute.

   The XML Schema schema definition of the <embeddedText> element is:

   <!-- EMBEDDED TEXT ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="embeddedText">
    <xs:complexType>
     <xs:simpleContent>
      <xs:extension base="xs:boolean">
       <xs:attribute name="lang" type="xs:language"/>
      </xs:extension>
     </xs:simpleContent>
    </xs:complexType>
   </xs:element>

11.21.  <capturedPeople>

   This optional element is used to indicate which telepresence session
   participants are represented in within the media captures.  For each
   participant, a <personIDREF> element is provided.

11.21.1.  <personIDREF>

   <personIDREF> contains the identifier of the represented person,
   i.e., the value of the related personID attribute (Section 21.1.1).
   Metadata about the represented participant can be retrieved by
   accessing the <people> list (Section 21).

12.  Audio Captures

   Audio captures inherit all the features of a generic media capture
   and present further audio-specific characteristics.  The XML Schema schema
   definition of the audio capture type is reported below:

   <!-- AUDIO CAPTURE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="audioCaptureType">
    <xs:complexContent>
     <xs:extension base="tns:mediaCaptureType">
      <xs:sequence>
           <xs:element ref="sensitivityPattern" minOccurs="0" />
       <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      </xs:sequence>
      <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
     </xs:extension>
    </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   An example of audio-specific information that can be included is
   represented by the <sensitivityPattern> element (Section 12.1).

12.1.  <sensitivityPattern>

   The <sensitivityPattern> element is an optional field describing the
   characteristics of the nominal sensitivity pattern of the microphone
   capturing the audio signal.  It has been specified as a simple string
   with an annotation pointing to an IANA registry that is defined ad
   hoc:

   <!-- SENSITIVITY PATTERN ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="sensitivityPattern" type="xs:string">
    <xs:annotation>
     <xs:documentation>
      Acceptable values (enumerations) for this type are managed by IANA
      in the "CLUE Schema <sensitivityPattern> registry", accessible
      at https://www.iana.org/assignments/clue.
     </xs:documentation>
    </xs:annotation>
   </xs:element>

   The current possible values, as per the CLUE framework document
   [RFC8845], are "uni", "shotgun", "omni", "figure8", "cardioid", and
   "hyper-cardioid".

13.  Video Captures

   Video captures, similarly to audio captures, extend the information
   of a generic media capture with video-specific features.

   The XML Schema schema representation of the video capture type is provided
   in the following:

   <!-- VIDEO CAPTURE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="videoCaptureType">
    <xs:complexContent>
     <xs:extension base="tns:mediaCaptureType">
      <xs:sequence>
       <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      </xs:sequence>
      <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
     </xs:extension>
    </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

14.  Text Captures

   Similar to audio captures and video captures, text captures can be
   described by extending the generic media capture information.

   There are no known properties of a text-based media that aren't
   already covered by the generic mediaCaptureType.  Text captures are
   hence defined as follows:

   <!-- TEXT CAPTURE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="textCaptureType">
    <xs:complexContent>
     <xs:extension base="tns:mediaCaptureType">
     <xs:sequence>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
     </xs:extension>
    </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   Text captures MUST be marked as non spatially definable (i.e., they
   MUST present in their XML description the <nonSpatiallyDefinable>
   (Section 11.6) element set to "true").

15.  Other Capture Types

   Other media capture types can be described by using the CLUE data
   model.  They can be represented by exploiting the "otherCaptureType"
   type.  This media capture type is conceived to be filled in with
   elements defined within extensions of the current schema, i.e., with
   elements defined in other XML schemas (see Section 24 for an
   example).  The otherCaptureType inherits all the features envisioned
   for the abstract mediaCaptureType.

   The XML Schema schema representation of the otherCaptureType is the
   following:

   <!-- OTHER CAPTURE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="otherCaptureType">
    <xs:complexContent>
     <xs:extension base="tns:mediaCaptureType">
     <xs:sequence>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
     </xs:extension>
    </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   When defining new media capture types that are going to be described
   by means of the <otherMediaCapture> element, spatial properties of
   such new media capture types SHOULD be defined (e.g., whether or not
   they are spatially definable and whether or not they should be
   associated with an area of capture or other properties that may be
   defined).

16.  <captureScene>

   A Media Provider organizes the available captures in capture scenes
   in order to help the receiver in both the rendering and the selection
   of the group of captures.  Capture scenes are made of media captures
   and capture scene views, which are sets of media captures of the same
   media type.  Each capture scene view is an alternative to completely
   represent a capture scene for a fixed media type.

   The XML Schema schema representation of a <captureScene> element is the
   following:

   <!-- CAPTURE SCENE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureSceneType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element ref="description" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     <xs:element name="sceneInformation" type="xcard:vcardType"
     minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:element name="sceneViews" type="sceneViewsType" minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="sceneID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
    <xs:attribute name="scale" type="scaleType" use="required"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   Each capture scene is identified by a "sceneID" attribute.  The
   <captureScene> element can contain zero or more textual <description>
   elements, as defined in Section 11.13.  Besides <description>, there
   is the optional <sceneInformation> element (Section 16.1), which
   contains structured information about the scene in the vCard format,
   and the optional <sceneViews> element (Section 16.2), which is the
   list of the capture scene views.  When no <sceneViews> is provided,
   the capture scene is assumed to be made of all the media captures
   that contain the value of its sceneID attribute in their mandatory
   captureSceneIDREF attribute.

16.1.  <sceneInformation>

   The <sceneInformation> element contains optional information about
   the capture scene according to the vCard format, as specified in the
   xCard specification [RFC6351].

16.2.  <sceneViews>

   The <sceneViews> element is a mandatory field of a capture scene
   containing the list of scene views.  Each scene view is represented
   by a <sceneView> element (Section 17).

   <!-- SCENE VIEWS TYPE -->
   <!-- envelope of scene views of a capture scene -->
   <xs:complexType name="sceneViewsType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="sceneView" type="sceneViewType"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

16.3.  sceneID Attribute

   The sceneID attribute is a mandatory attribute containing the
   identifier of the capture scene.

16.4.  scale Attribute

   The scale attribute is a mandatory attribute that specifies the scale
   of the coordinates provided in the spatial information of the media
   capture belonging to the considered capture scene.  The scale
   attribute can assume three different values:

      "mm":  the scale is in millimeters.  Systems that know their
         physical dimensions (for example, professionally installed
         telepresence room systems) should always provide such real-
         world measurements.

      "unknown":  the scale is the same for every media capture in the
         capture scene, but the unity of measure is undefined.  Systems
         that are not aware of specific physical dimensions yet still
         know relative distances should select "unknown" in the scale
         attribute of the capture scene to be described.

      "noscale":  there is no common physical scale among the media
         captures of the capture scene.  That means the scale could be
         different for each media capture.

   <!-- SCALE TYPE -->
   <xs:simpleType name="scaleType">
    <xs:restriction base="xs:string">
     <xs:enumeration value="mm"/>
     <xs:enumeration value="unknown"/>
     <xs:enumeration value="noscale"/>
    </xs:restriction>
   </xs:simpleType>

17.  <sceneView>

   A <sceneView> element represents a capture scene view, which contains
   a set of media captures of the same media type describing a capture
   scene.

   A <sceneView> element is characterized as follows.

   <!-- SCENE VIEW TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="sceneViewType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element ref="description" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     <xs:element name="mediaCaptureIDs" type="captureIDListType"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="sceneViewID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   One or more optional <description> elements provide human-readable
   information about what the scene view contains. <description> is
   defined in Section 11.13.

   The remaining child elements are described in the following
   subsections.

17.1.  <mediaCaptureIDs>

   <mediaCaptureIDs> is the list of the identifiers of the media
   captures included in the scene view.  It is an element of the
   captureIDListType type, which is defined as a sequence of
   <mediaCaptureIDREF>, each containing the identifier of a media
   capture listed within the <mediaCaptures> element:

   <!-- CAPTURE ID LIST TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureIDListType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="mediaCaptureIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

17.2.  sceneViewID Attribute

   The sceneViewID attribute is a mandatory attribute containing the
   identifier of the capture scene view represented by the <sceneView>
   element.

18.  <encodingGroup>

   The <encodingGroup> element represents an encoding group, which is
   made by a set of one or more individual encodings and some parameters
   that apply to the group as a whole.  Encoding groups contain
   references to individual encodings that can be applied to media
   captures.  The definition of the <encodingGroup> element is the
   following:

   <!-- ENCODING GROUP TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="encodingGroupType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="maxGroupBandwidth" type="xs:unsignedLong"/>
     <xs:element name="encodingIDList" type="encodingIDListType"/>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="encodingGroupID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##any" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   In the following subsections, the contained elements are further
   described.

18.1.  <maxGroupBandwidth>

   <maxGroupBandwidth> is an optional field containing the maximum
   bitrate expressed in bits per second that can be shared by the
   individual encodings included in the encoding group.

18.2.  <encodingIDList>

   <encodingIDList> is the list of the individual encodings grouped
   together in the encoding group.  Each individual encoding is
   represented through its identifier contained within an <encodingID>
   element.

   <!-- ENCODING ID LIST TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="encodingIDListType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="encodingID" type="xs:string"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

18.3.  encodingGroupID Attribute

   The encodingGroupID attribute contains the identifier of the encoding
   group.

19.  <simultaneousSet>

   <simultaneousSet> represents a simultaneous transmission set, i.e., a
   list of captures of the same media type that can be transmitted at
   the same time by a Media Provider.  There are different simultaneous
   transmission sets for each media type.

   <!-- SIMULTANEOUS SET TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="simultaneousSetType">
    <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element name="mediaCaptureIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:element name="sceneViewIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:element name="captureSceneIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="setID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
    <xs:attribute name="mediaType" type="xs:string"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##any" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

   Besides the identifiers of the captures (<mediaCaptureIDREF>
   elements), the identifiers of capture scene views and capture scenes
   can also be exploited as shortcuts (<sceneViewIDREF> and
   <captureSceneIDREF> elements).  As an example, let's consider the
   situation where there are two capture scene views (S1 and S7).  S1
   contains captures AC11, AC12, and AC13.  S7 contains captures AC71
   and AC72.  Provided that AC11, AC12, AC13, AC71, and AC72 can be
   simultaneously sent to the media consumer, instead of having 5
   <mediaCaptureIDREF> elements listed in the simultaneous set (i.e.,
   one <mediaCaptureIDREF> for AC11, one for AC12, and so on), there can
   be just two <sceneViewIDREF> elements (one for S1 and one for S7).

19.1.  setID Attribute

   The "setID" attribute is a mandatory field containing the identifier
   of the simultaneous set.

19.2.  mediaType Attribute

   The "mediaType" attribute is an optional attribute containing the
   media type of the captures referenced by the simultaneous set.

   When only capture scene identifiers are listed within a simultaneous
   set, the media type attribute MUST appear in the XML description in
   order to determine which media captures can be simultaneously sent
   together.

19.3.  <mediaCaptureIDREF>

   <mediaCaptureIDREF> contains the identifier of the media capture that
   belongs to the simultaneous set.

19.4.  <sceneViewIDREF>

   <sceneViewIDREF> contains the identifier of the scene view containing
   a group of captures that are able to be sent simultaneously with the
   other captures of the simultaneous set.

19.5.  <captureSceneIDREF>

   <captureSceneIDREF> contains the identifier of the capture scene
   where all the included captures of a certain media type are able to
   be sent together with the other captures of the simultaneous set.

20.  <globalView>

   <globalView> is a set of captures of the same media type representing
   a summary of the complete Media Provider's offer.  The content of a
   global view is expressed by leveraging only scene view identifiers,
   put within <sceneViewIDREF> elements.  Each global view is identified
   by a unique identifier within the "globalViewID" attribute.

   <!-- GLOBAL VIEW TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="globalViewType">
    <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element name="sceneViewIDREF" type="xs:IDREF"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="globalViewID" type="xs:ID"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##any" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

21.  <people>

   Information about the participants that are represented in the media
   captures is conveyed via the <people> element.  As it can be seen
   from the XML Schema schema depicted below, for each participant, a <person>
   element is provided.

   <!-- PEOPLE TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="peopleType">
   <xs:sequence>
    <xs:element name="person" type="personType" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
   </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

21.1.  <person>

   <person> includes all the metadata related to a person represented
   within one or more media captures.  Such element provides the vCard
   of the subject (via the <personInfo> element; see Section 21.1.2) and
   its conference role(s) (via one or more <personType> elements; see
   Section 21.1.3).  Furthermore, it has a mandatory "personID"
   attribute (Section 21.1.1).

   <!-- PERSON TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="personType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="personInfo" type="xcard:vcardType" maxOccurs="1"
      minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:element ref="personType" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="personID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

21.1.1.  personID Attribute

   The "personID" attribute carries the identifier of a represented
   person.  Such an identifier can be used to refer to the participant,
   as in the <capturedPeople> element in the media captures
   representation (Section 11.21).

21.1.2.  <personInfo>

   The <personInfo> element is the XML representation of all the fields
   composing a vCard as specified in the xCard document [RFC6351].  The
   vcardType is imported by the xCard XML Schema schema provided in Appendix A
   of [RFC7852].  As such schema specifies, the <fn> element within
   <vcard> is mandatory.

21.1.3.  <personType>

   The value of the <personType> element determines the role of the
   represented participant within the telepresence session organization.
   It has been specified as a simple string with an annotation pointing
   to an IANA registry that is defined ad hoc:

   <!-- PERSON TYPE ELEMENT -->
   <xs:element name="personType" type="xs:string">
    <xs:annotation>
     <xs:documentation>
      Acceptable values (enumerations) for this type are managed
      by IANA in the "CLUE Schema <personType> &lt;personType&gt; registry",
      accessible at https://www.iana.org/assignments/clue.
     </xs:documentation>
    </xs:annotation>
   </xs:element>

   The current possible values, as per the CLUE framework document
   [RFC8845], are: "presenter", "timekeeper", "attendee", "minute
   taker", "translator", "chairman", "vice-chairman", and "observer".

   A participant can play more than one conference role.  In that case,
   more than one <personType> element will appear in its description.

22.  <captureEncoding>

   A capture encoding is given from the association of a media capture
   with an individual encoding, to form a capture stream as defined in
   [RFC8845].  Capture encodings are used within CONFIGURE messages from
   a Media Consumer to a Media Provider for representing the streams
   desired by the Media Consumer.  For each desired stream, the Media
   Consumer needs to be allowed to specify: (i) the capture identifier
   of the desired capture that has been advertised by the Media
   Provider; (ii) the encoding identifier of the encoding to use, among
   those advertised by the Media Provider; and (iii) optionally, in case
   of multicontent captures, the list of the capture identifiers of the
   desired captures.  All the mentioned identifiers are intended to be
   included in the ADVERTISEMENT message that the CONFIGURE message
   refers to.  The XML model of <captureEncoding> is provided in the
   following.

   <!-- CAPTURE ENCODING TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="captureEncodingType">
    <xs:sequence>
     <xs:element name="captureID" type="xs:string"/>
     <xs:element name="encodingID" type="xs:string"/>
     <xs:element name="configuredContent" type="contentType"
      minOccurs="0"/>
     <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </xs:sequence>
    <xs:attribute name="ID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
    <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##any" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

22.1.  <captureID>

   <captureID> is the mandatory element containing the identifier of the
   media capture that has been encoded to form the capture encoding.

22.2.  <encodingID>

   <encodingID> is the mandatory element containing the identifier of
   the applied individual encoding.

22.3.  <configuredContent>

   <configuredContent> is an optional element to be used in case of the
   configuration of MCC.  It contains the list of capture identifiers
   and capture scene view identifiers the Media Consumer wants within
   the MCC.  That element is structured as the <content> element used to
   describe the content of an MCC.  The total number of media captures
   listed in the <configuredContent> MUST be lower than or equal to the
   value carried within the <maxCaptures> attribute of the MCC.

23.  <clueInfo>

   The <clueInfo> element includes all the information needed to
   represent the Media Provider's description of its telepresence
   capabilities according to the CLUE framework.  Indeed, it is made by:

   *  the list of the available media captures (see "<mediaCaptures>",
      Section 5)

   *  the list of encoding groups (see "<encodingGroups>", Section 6)

   *  the list of capture scenes (see "<captureScenes>", Section 7)

   *  the list of simultaneous transmission sets (see
      "<simultaneousSets>", Section 8)

   *  the list of global views sets (see "<globalViews>", Section 9)

   *  metadata about the participants represented in the telepresence
      session (see "<people>", Section 21)

   It has been conceived only for data model testing purposes, and
   though it resembles the body of an ADVERTISEMENT message, it is not
   actually used in the CLUE protocol message definitions.  The
   telepresence capabilities descriptions compliant to this data model
   specification that can be found in Sections 27 and 28 are provided by
   using the <clueInfo> element.

   <!-- CLUE INFO TYPE -->
   <xs:complexType name="clueInfoType">
     <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element ref="mediaCaptures"/>
      <xs:element ref="encodingGroups"/>
      <xs:element ref="captureScenes"/>
      <xs:element ref="simultaneousSets" minOccurs="0"/>
      <xs:element ref="globalViews" minOccurs="0"/>
      <xs:element ref="people" minOccurs="0"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
      maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:attribute name="clueInfoID" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
   </xs:complexType>

24.  XML Schema Extensibility

   The telepresence data model defined in this document is meant to be
   extensible.  Extensions are accomplished by defining elements or
   attributes qualified by namespaces other than
   "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info" and "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:vcard-
   4.0" for use wherever the schema allows such extensions (i.e., where
   the XML Schema schema definition specifies "anyAttribute" or "anyElement").
   Elements or attributes from unknown namespaces MUST be ignored.
   Extensibility was purposefully favored as much as possible based on
   expectations about custom implementations.  Hence, the schema offers
   people enough flexibility as to define custom extensions, without
   losing compliance with the standard.  This is achieved by leveraging
   <xs:any> elements and <xs:anyAttribute> attributes, which is a common
   approach with schemas, while still matching the Unique Particle
   Attribution (UPA) constraint.

24.1.  Example of Extension

   When extending the CLUE data model, a new schema with a new namespace
   associated with it needs to be specified.

   In the following, an example of extension is provided.  The extension
   defines a new audio capture attribute ("newAudioFeature") and an
   attribute for characterizing the captures belonging to an
   "otherCaptureType" defined by the user.  An XML document compliant
   with the extension is also included.  The XML file results are
   validated against the current XML schema for the CLUE data model schema. model.

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
   <xs:schema
      targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info-ext"
      xmlns:tns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info-ext"
      xmlns:clue-ext="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info-ext"
      xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
      xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info-ext"
      xmlns:xcard="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:vcard-4.0"
      xmlns:info="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info"
      elementFormDefault="qualified"
      attributeFormDefault="unqualified">

   <!-- Import xCard XML schema -->
   <xs:import namespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:vcard-4.0"
   schemaLocation=
     "https://www.iana.org/assignments/xml-registry/schema/
      vcard-4.0.xsd"/>

   <!-- Import CLUE XML schema -->
   <xs:import namespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info"
   schemaLocation="clue-data-model-schema.xsd"/>

   <!-- ELEMENT DEFINITIONS -->
   <xs:element name="newAudioFeature" type="xs:string"/>
   <xs:element name="otherMediaCaptureTypeFeature" type="xs:string"/>

   </xs:schema>

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
   <clueInfo xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info"
   xmlns:ns2="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:vcard-4.0"
   xmlns:ns3="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info-ext"
   clueInfoID="NapoliRoom">
       <mediaCaptures>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="audioCaptureType"
           captureID="AC0"
           mediaType="audio">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <nonSpatiallyDefinable>true</nonSpatiallyDefinable>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG1</encGroupIDREF>
               <ns3:newAudioFeature>newAudioFeatureValue
               </ns3:newAudioFeature>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="otherCaptureType"
           captureID="OMC0"
           mediaType="other media type">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <nonSpatiallyDefinable>true</nonSpatiallyDefinable>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG1</encGroupIDREF>
               <ns3:otherMediaCaptureTypeFeature>OtherValue
               </ns3:otherMediaCaptureTypeFeature>
           </mediaCapture>
       </mediaCaptures>
       <encodingGroups>
           <encodingGroup encodingGroupID="EG1">
               <maxGroupBandwidth>300000</maxGroupBandwidth>
               <encodingIDList>
                   <encodingID>ENC4</encodingID>
                   <encodingID>ENC5</encodingID>
               </encodingIDList>
           </encodingGroup>
       </encodingGroups>
       <captureScenes>
           <captureScene scale="unknown" sceneID="CS1"/>
       </captureScenes>
   </clueInfo>

25.  Security Considerations

   This document defines defines, through an XML Schema schema, a data model for
   telepresence scenarios.  The modeled information is identified in the
   CLUE framework as necessary in order to enable a full-fledged media
   stream negotiation and rendering.  Indeed, the XML elements herein
   defined are used within CLUE protocol messages to describe both the
   media streams representing the Media Provider's telepresence offer
   and the desired selection requested by the Media Consumer.  Security
   concerns described in [RFC8845], Section 15 apply to this document.

   Data model information carried within CLUE messages SHOULD be
   accessed only by authenticated endpoints.  Indeed, authenticated
   access is strongly advisable, especially if you convey information
   about individuals (<personalInfo>) and/or scenes
   (<sceneInformation>).  There might be more exceptions, depending on
   the level of criticality that is associated with the setup and
   configuration of a specific session.  In principle, one might even
   decide that no protection at all is needed for a particular session;
   here is why authentication has not been identified as a mandatory
   requirement.

   Going deeper into details, some information published by the Media
   Provider might reveal sensitive data about who and what is
   represented in the transmitted streams.  The vCard included in the
   <personInfo> elements (Section 21.1) mandatorily contains the
   identity of the represented person.  Optionally, vCards can also
   carry the person's contact addresses, together with their photo and
   other personal data.  Similar privacy-critical information can be
   conveyed by means of <sceneInformation> elements (Section 16.1)
   describing the capture scenes.  The <description> elements
   (Section 11.13) also can specify details about the content of media
   captures, capture scenes, and scene views that should be protected.

   Integrity attacks to the data model information encapsulated in CLUE
   messages can invalidate the success of the telepresence session's
   setup by misleading the Media Consumer's and Media Provider's
   interpretation of the offered and desired media streams.

   The assurance of the authenticated access and of the integrity of the
   data model information is up to the involved transport mechanisms,
   namely the CLUE protocol [RFC8847] and the CLUE data channel
   [RFC8850].

   XML parsers need to be robust with respect to malformed documents.
   Reading malformed documents from unknown or untrusted sources could
   result in an attacker gaining privileges of the user running the XML
   parser.  In an extreme situation, the entire machine could be
   compromised.

26.  IANA Considerations

   This document registers a new XML namespace, a new XML schema, the
   media type for the schema, and four new registries associated,
   respectively, with acceptable <view>, <presentation>,
   <sensitivityPattern>, and <personType> values.

26.1.  XML Namespace Registration

   URI:  urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info

   Registrant Contact:  IETF CLUE Working Group <clue@ietf.org>, Roberta
      Presta <roberta.presta@unina.it>

   XML:

   <CODE BEGINS>
   <?xml version="1.0"?>
   <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd">
   <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
    <head>
     <meta http-equiv="content-type"
           content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/>
     <title>CLUE Data Model Namespace</title>
    </head>
    <body>
     <h1>Namespace for CLUE Data Model</h1>
     <h2>urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info</h2>
     <p>See
      <a href="https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc8846.txt">RFC 8846</a>.
     </p>
    </body>
   </html>
   <CODE ENDS>

26.2.  XML Schema Registration

   This section registers an XML schema per the guidelines in [RFC3688].

   URI:  urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:clue-info

   Registrant Contact:  CLUE Working Group (clue@ietf.org), Roberta
      Presta (roberta.presta@unina.it).

   Schema:  The XML for this schema can be found in its entirety in
      Section 4 of this document.

26.3.  Media Type Registration for "application/clue_info+xml"

   This section registers the "application/clue_info+xml" media type.

   To:  ietf-types@iana.org

   Subject:  Registration of media type application/clue_info+xml

   Type name:  application

   Subtype name:  clue_info+xml

   Required parameters:  (none)

   Optional parameters:  charset Same as the charset parameter of
      "application/xml" as specified in [RFC7303], Section 3.2.

   Encoding considerations:  Same as the encoding considerations of
      "application/xml" as specified in [RFC7303], Section 3.2.

   Security considerations:  This content type is designed to carry data
      related to telepresence information.  Some of the data could be
      considered private.  This media type does not provide any
      protection and thus other mechanisms such as those described in
      Section 25 are required to protect the data.  This media type does
      not contain executable content.

   Interoperability considerations:  None.

   Published specification:  RFC 8846

   Applications that use this media type:  CLUE-capable telepresence
      systems.

   Additional Information:

      Magic Number(s):  none
      File extension(s):  .clue
      Macintosh File Type Code(s):  TEXT

   Person & email address to contact for further information:  Roberta
      Presta (roberta.presta@unina.it).

   Intended usage:  LIMITED USE

   Author/Change controller:  The IETF

   Other information:  This media type is a specialization of
      "application/xml" [RFC7303], and many of the considerations
      described there also apply to "application/clue_info+xml".

26.4.  Registry for Acceptable <view> Values

   IANA has created a registry of acceptable values for the <view> tag
   as defined in Section 11.18.  The initial values for this registry
   are "room", "table", "lectern", "individual", and "audience".

   New values are assigned by Expert Review per [RFC8126].  This
   reviewer will ensure that the requested registry entry conforms to
   the prescribed formatting.

26.5.  Registry for Acceptable <presentation> Values

   IANA has created a registry of acceptable values for the
   <presentation> tag as defined in Section 11.19.  The initial values
   for this registry are "slides" and "images".

   New values are assigned by Expert Review per [RFC8126].  This
   reviewer will ensure that the requested registry entry conforms to
   the prescribed formatting.

26.6.  Registry for Acceptable <sensitivityPattern> Values

   IANA has created a registry of acceptable values for the
   <sensitivityPattern> tag as defined in Section 12.1.  The initial
   values for this registry are "uni", "shotgun", "omni", "figure8",
   "cardioid", and "hyper-cardioid".

   New values are assigned by Expert Review per [RFC8126].  This
   reviewer will ensure that the requested registry entry conforms to
   the prescribed formatting.

26.7.  Registry for Acceptable <personType> Values

   IANA has created a registry of acceptable values for the <personType>
   tag as defined in Section 21.1.3.  The initial values for this
   registry are "presenter", "timekeeper", "attendee", "minute taker",
   "translator", "chairman", "vice-chairman", and "observer".

   New values are assigned by Expert Review per [RFC8126].  This
   reviewer will ensure that the requested registry entry conforms to
   the prescribed formatting.

27.  Sample XML File

   The following XML document represents a schema-compliant example of a
   CLUE telepresence scenario.  Taking inspiration from the examples
   described in the framework specification [RFC8845], the XML
   representation of an endpoint-style Media Provider's ADVERTISEMENT is
   provided.

   There are three cameras, where the central one is also capable of
   capturing a zoomed-out view of the overall telepresence room.
   Besides the three video captures coming from the cameras, the Media
   Provider makes available a further multicontent capture of the
   loudest segment of the room, obtained by switching the video source
   across the three cameras.  For the sake of simplicity, only one audio
   capture is advertised for the audio of the whole room.

   The three cameras are placed in front of three participants (Alice,
   Bob, and Ciccio), whose vCard and conference role details are also
   provided.

   Media captures are arranged into four capture scene views:

   1.  (VC0, VC1, VC2) - left, center, and right camera video captures

   2.  (VC3) - video capture associated with loudest room segment

   3.  (VC4) - video capture zoomed-out view of all people in the room

   4.  (AC0) - main audio

   There are two encoding groups: (i) EG0, for video encodings, and (ii)
   EG1, for audio encodings.

   As to the simultaneous sets, VC1 and VC4 cannot be transmitted
   simultaneously since they are captured by the same device, i.e., the
   central camera (VC4 is a zoomed-out view while VC1 is a focused view
   of the front participant).  On the other hand, VC3 and VC4 cannot be
   simultaneous either, since VC3, the loudest segment of the room,
   might be at a certain point in time focusing on the central part of
   the room, i.e., the same as VC1.  The simultaneous sets would then be
   the following:

      SS1:  made by VC3 and all the captures in the first capture scene
         view (VC0,VC1,and VC2)

      SS2:  made by VC0, VC2, and VC4

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
   <clueInfo xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info"
             xmlns:ns2="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:vcard-4.0"
             clueInfoID="NapoliRoom">
       <mediaCaptures>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
            xsi:type="audioCaptureType" captureID="AC0"
                 mediaType="audio">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureOrigin>
                           <capturePoint>
                           <x>0.0</x>
                           <y>0.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </capturePoint>
                       <lineOfCapturePoint>
                           <x>0.0</x>
                           <y>1.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </lineOfCapturePoint>
                   </captureOrigin>
               </spatialInformation>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG1</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">main audio from the room
               </description>
               <priority>1</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>room</view>
               <capturedPeople>
                   <personIDREF>alice</personIDREF>
                   <personIDREF>bob</personIDREF>
                   <personIDREF>ciccio</personIDREF>
               </capturedPeople>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
            xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC0"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureOrigin>
                           <capturePoint>
                           <x>-2.0</x>
                           <y>0.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </capturePoint>
                   </captureOrigin>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>-1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>-1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">left camera video capture
               </description>
               <priority>1</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
               <capturedPeople>
                   <personIDREF>ciccio</personIDREF>
               </capturedPeople>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC1"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureOrigin>
                           <capturePoint>
                           <x>0.0</x>
                           <y>0.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </capturePoint>
                   </captureOrigin>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>-1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>-1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">central camera video capture
               </description>
               <priority>1</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
               <capturedPeople>
                   <personIDREF>alice</personIDREF>
               </capturedPeople>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC2"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureOrigin>
                           <capturePoint>
                           <x>2.0</x>
                           <y>0.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </capturePoint>
                   </captureOrigin>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">right camera video capture
               </description>
               <priority>1</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
               <capturedPeople>
                   <personIDREF>bob</personIDREF>
               </capturedPeople>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC3"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <content>
                   <sceneViewIDREF>SE1</sceneViewIDREF>
               </content>
               <policy>SoundLevel:0</policy>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">loudest room segment</description>
               <priority>2</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC4"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureOrigin>
                           <capturePoint>
                           <x>0.0</x>
                           <y>0.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </capturePoint>
                   </captureOrigin>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>7.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>7.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>13.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>13.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">zoomed-out view of all people
               in the room</description>
               <priority>2</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>room</view>
               <capturedPeople>
                   <personIDREF>alice</personIDREF>
                   <personIDREF>bob</personIDREF>
                   <personIDREF>ciccio</personIDREF>
               </capturedPeople>
           </mediaCapture>
       </mediaCaptures>
       <encodingGroups>
           <encodingGroup encodingGroupID="EG0">
               <maxGroupBandwidth>600000</maxGroupBandwidth>
               <encodingIDList>
                   <encodingID>ENC1</encodingID>
                   <encodingID>ENC2</encodingID>
                   <encodingID>ENC3</encodingID>
               </encodingIDList>
           </encodingGroup>
           <encodingGroup encodingGroupID="EG1">
               <maxGroupBandwidth>300000</maxGroupBandwidth>
               <encodingIDList>
                   <encodingID>ENC4</encodingID>
                   <encodingID>ENC5</encodingID>
               </encodingIDList>
           </encodingGroup>
       </encodingGroups>
       <captureScenes>
           <captureScene scale="unknown" sceneID="CS1">
               <sceneViews>
                   <sceneView sceneViewID="SE1">
                       <mediaCaptureIDs>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC0</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC1</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC2</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                       </mediaCaptureIDs>
                   </sceneView>
                   <sceneView sceneViewID="SE2">
                       <mediaCaptureIDs>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC3</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                       </mediaCaptureIDs>
                   </sceneView>
                   <sceneView sceneViewID="SE3">
                       <mediaCaptureIDs>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC4</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                       </mediaCaptureIDs>
                   </sceneView>
                   <sceneView sceneViewID="SE4">
                       <mediaCaptureIDs>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>AC0</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                       </mediaCaptureIDs>
                   </sceneView>
               </sceneViews>
           </captureScene>
       </captureScenes>
       <simultaneousSets>
           <simultaneousSet setID="SS1">
               <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC3</mediaCaptureIDREF>
               <sceneViewIDREF>SE1</sceneViewIDREF>
           </simultaneousSet>
           <simultaneousSet setID="SS2">
               <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC0</mediaCaptureIDREF>
               <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC2</mediaCaptureIDREF>
               <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC4</mediaCaptureIDREF>
           </simultaneousSet>
       </simultaneousSets>
       <people>
           <person personID="bob">
               <personInfo>
                   <ns2:fn>
                       <ns2:text>Bob</ns2:text>
                   </ns2:fn>
               </personInfo>
               <personType>minute taker</personType>
           </person>
           <person personID="alice">
               <personInfo>
                   <ns2:fn>
                       <ns2:text>Alice</ns2:text>
                   </ns2:fn>
               </personInfo>
               <personType>presenter</personType>
           </person>
           <person personID="ciccio">
               <personInfo>
                   <ns2:fn>
                       <ns2:text>Ciccio</ns2:text>
                   </ns2:fn>
               </personInfo>
               <personType>chairman</personType>
               <personType>timekeeper</personType>
           </person>
       </people>
   </clueInfo>

28.  MCC Example

   Enhancing the scenario presented in the previous example, the Media
   Provider is able to advertise a composed capture VC7 made by a big
   picture representing the current speaker (VC3) and two picture-in-
   picture boxes representing the previous speakers (the previous one,
   VC5, and the oldest one, VC6).  The provider does not want to
   instantiate and send VC5 and VC6, so it does not associate any
   encoding group with them.  Their XML representations are provided for
   enabling the description of VC7.

   A possible description for that scenario could be the following:

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
   <clueInfo xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:clue-info"
   xmlns:ns2="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:vcard-4.0" clueInfoID="NapoliRoom">
       <mediaCaptures>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="audioCaptureType" captureID="AC0"
                 mediaType="audio">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureOrigin>
                           <capturePoint>
                           <x>0.0</x>
                           <y>0.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </capturePoint>
                       <lineOfCapturePoint>
                           <x>0.0</x>
                           <y>1.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </lineOfCapturePoint>
                   </captureOrigin>
               </spatialInformation>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG1</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">main audio from the room
               </description>
               <priority>1</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>room</view>
               <capturedPeople>
                   <personIDREF>alice</personIDREF>
                   <personIDREF>bob</personIDREF>
                   <personIDREF>ciccio</personIDREF>
               </capturedPeople>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC0"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureOrigin>
                           <capturePoint>
                           <x>0.5</x>
                           <y>1.0</y>
                           <z>0.5</z>
                       </capturePoint>
                       <lineOfCapturePoint>
                           <x>0.5</x>
                           <y>0.0</y>
                           <z>0.5</z>
                       </lineOfCapturePoint>
                   </captureOrigin>
               </spatialInformation>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">left camera video capture
               </description>
               <priority>1</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
               <capturedPeople>
                   <personIDREF>ciccio</personIDREF>
               </capturedPeople>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC1"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureOrigin>
                           <capturePoint>
                           <x>0.0</x>
                           <y>0.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </capturePoint>
                   </captureOrigin>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>-1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>-1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">central camera video capture
               </description>
               <priority>1</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
               <capturedPeople>
                   <personIDREF>alice</personIDREF>
               </capturedPeople>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC2"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureOrigin>
                           <capturePoint>
                           <x>2.0</x>
                           <y>0.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </capturePoint>
                   </captureOrigin>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>1.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">right camera video capture
               </description>
               <priority>1</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
               <capturedPeople>
                   <personIDREF>bob</personIDREF>
               </capturedPeople>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC3"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <content>
                   <sceneViewIDREF>SE1</sceneViewIDREF>
               </content>
               <policy>SoundLevel:0</policy>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">loudest room segment</description>
               <priority>2</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
            xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC4"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureOrigin>
                           <capturePoint>
                           <x>0.0</x>
                           <y>0.0</y>
                           <z>10.0</z>
                       </capturePoint>
                   </captureOrigin>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>7.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>7.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>13.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>13.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <individual>true</individual>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">
                 zoomed-out view of all people in the room
               </description>
               <priority>2</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>room</view>
               <capturedPeople>
                   <personIDREF>alice</personIDREF>
                   <personIDREF>bob</personIDREF>
                   <personIDREF>ciccio</personIDREF>
               </capturedPeople>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
            xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC5"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <content>
                   <sceneViewIDREF>SE1</sceneViewIDREF>
               </content>
               <policy>SoundLevel:1</policy>
               <description lang="en">penultimate loudest room segment
               </description>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
            xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC6"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <content>
                   <sceneViewIDREF>SE1</sceneViewIDREF>
               </content>
               <policy>SoundLevel:2</policy>
               <description lang="en">last but two loudest room segment
               </description>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
           </mediaCapture>
           <mediaCapture
            xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
            xsi:type="videoCaptureType" captureID="VC7"
                 mediaType="video">
               <captureSceneIDREF>CS1</captureSceneIDREF>
               <spatialInformation>
                   <captureArea>
                           <bottomLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomLeft>
                           <bottomRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>9.0</z>
                           </bottomRight>
                           <topLeft>
                                   <x>-3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topLeft>
                           <topRight>
                                   <x>3.0</x>
                           <y>20.0</y>
                           <z>11.0</z>
                           </topRight>
                   </captureArea>
               </spatialInformation>
               <content>
                   <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC3</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                   <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC5</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                   <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC6</mediaCaptureIDREF>
               </content>
               <maxCaptures exactNumber="true">3</maxCaptures>
               <encGroupIDREF>EG0</encGroupIDREF>
               <description lang="en">big picture of the current
               speaker + pips about previous speakers</description>
               <priority>3</priority>
               <lang>it</lang>
               <mobility>static</mobility>
               <view>individual</view>
           </mediaCapture>
       </mediaCaptures>
       <encodingGroups>
           <encodingGroup encodingGroupID="EG0">
               <maxGroupBandwidth>600000</maxGroupBandwidth>
               <encodingIDList>
                   <encodingID>ENC1</encodingID>
                   <encodingID>ENC2</encodingID>
                   <encodingID>ENC3</encodingID>
               </encodingIDList>
           </encodingGroup>
           <encodingGroup encodingGroupID="EG1">
               <maxGroupBandwidth>300000</maxGroupBandwidth>
               <encodingIDList>
                   <encodingID>ENC4</encodingID>
                   <encodingID>ENC5</encodingID>
               </encodingIDList>
           </encodingGroup>
       </encodingGroups>
       <captureScenes>
           <captureScene scale="unknown" sceneID="CS1">
               <sceneViews>
                   <sceneView sceneViewID="SE1">
                       <description lang="en">participants' individual
                       videos</description>
                       <mediaCaptureIDs>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC0</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC1</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC2</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                       </mediaCaptureIDs>
                   </sceneView>
                   <sceneView sceneViewID="SE2">
                       <description lang="en">loudest segment of the
                       room</description>
                       <mediaCaptureIDs>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC3</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                       </mediaCaptureIDs>
                   </sceneView>
                   <sceneView sceneViewID="SE5">
                       <description lang="en">loudest segment of the
                       room + pips</description>
                       <mediaCaptureIDs>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC7</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                       </mediaCaptureIDs>
                   </sceneView>
                   <sceneView sceneViewID="SE4">
                       <description lang="en">room audio</description>
                       <mediaCaptureIDs>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>AC0</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                       </mediaCaptureIDs>
                   </sceneView>
                   <sceneView sceneViewID="SE3">
                       <description lang="en">room video</description>
                       <mediaCaptureIDs>
                           <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC4</mediaCaptureIDREF>
                       </mediaCaptureIDs>
                   </sceneView>
               </sceneViews>
           </captureScene>
       </captureScenes>
       <simultaneousSets>
           <simultaneousSet setID="SS1">
               <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC3</mediaCaptureIDREF>
               <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC7</mediaCaptureIDREF>
               <sceneViewIDREF>SE1</sceneViewIDREF>
           </simultaneousSet>
           <simultaneousSet setID="SS2">
               <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC0</mediaCaptureIDREF>
               <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC2</mediaCaptureIDREF>
               <mediaCaptureIDREF>VC4</mediaCaptureIDREF>
           </simultaneousSet>
       </simultaneousSets>
       <people>
           <person personID="bob">
               <personInfo>
                   <ns2:fn>
                       <ns2:text>Bob</ns2:text>
                   </ns2:fn>
               </personInfo>
               <personType>minute taker</personType>
           </person>
           <person personID="alice">
               <personInfo>
                   <ns2:fn>
                       <ns2:text>Alice</ns2:text>
                   </ns2:fn>
               </personInfo>
               <personType>presenter</personType>
           </person>
           <person personID="ciccio">
               <personInfo>
                   <ns2:fn>
                       <ns2:text>Ciccio</ns2:text>
                   </ns2:fn>
               </personInfo>
               <personType>chairman</personType>
               <personType>timekeeper</personType>
           </person>
       </people>
   </clueInfo>

29.  References

29.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC5646]  Phillips, A., Ed. and M. Davis, Ed., "Tags for Identifying
              Languages", BCP 47, RFC 5646, DOI 10.17487/RFC5646,
              September 2009, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5646>.

   [RFC6351]  Perreault, S., "xCard: vCard XML Representation",
              RFC 6351, DOI 10.17487/RFC6351, August 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6351>.

   [RFC7303]  Thompson, H. and C. Lilley, "XML Media Types", RFC 7303,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7303, July 2014,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7303>.

   [RFC7852]  Gellens, R., Rosen, B., Tschofenig, H., Marshall, R., and
              J. Winterbottom, "Additional Data Related to an Emergency
              Call", RFC 7852, DOI 10.17487/RFC7852, July 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7852>.

   [RFC8126]  Cotton, M., Leiba, B., and T. Narten, "Guidelines for
              Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26,
              RFC 8126, DOI 10.17487/RFC8126, June 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8126>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8845]  Duckworth, M., Ed., Pepperell, A., and S. Wenger,
              "Framework for Telepresence Multi-Streams", RFC 8845,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8845, June 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8845>.

   [RFC8847]  Presta, R. and S P. Romano, "Protocol for Controlling
              Multiple Streams for Telepresence (CLUE)", RFC 8847,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8847, June 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8847>.

   [RFC8850]  Holmberg, C., "Controlling Multiple Streams for
              Telepresence (CLUE) Protocol Data Channel", RFC 8850,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8850, June 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8850>.

29.2.  Informative References

   [RFC3550]  Schulzrinne, H., Casner, S., Frederick, R., and V.
              Jacobson, "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time
              Applications", STD 64, RFC 3550, DOI 10.17487/RFC3550,
              July 2003, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3550>.

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.

   [RFC4353]  Rosenberg, J., "A Framework for Conferencing with the
              Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)", RFC 4353,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4353, February 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4353>.

   [RFC6838]  Freed, N., Klensin, J., and T. Hansen, "Media Type
              Specifications and Registration Procedures", BCP 13,
              RFC 6838, DOI 10.17487/RFC6838, January 2013,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6838>.

   [RFC7667]  Westerlund, M. and S. Wenger, "RTP Topologies", RFC 7667,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7667, November 2015,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7667>.

Acknowledgements

   The authors thank all the CLUErs CLUE contributors for their valuable
   feedback and support.  Thanks also to Alissa Cooper, whose AD review
   helped us improve the quality of the document.

Authors' Addresses

   Roberta Presta
   University of Napoli
   Via Claudio 21
   80125 Napoli
   Italy

   Email: roberta.presta@unina.it

   Simon Pietro Romano
   University of Napoli
   Via Claudio 21
   80125 Napoli
   Italy

   Email: spromano@unina.it